Article ID: CBB001421390

Floods of the Upper Danube River and Its Tributaries and Their Impact on Urban Economies (c. 1350--1600): The Examples of the Towns of Krems/Stein and Wels (Austria) (2013)


Rohr, Christian (Author)

Environment and History
Volume: 19, no. 2
Issue: 2
Pages: 133-148

Publication Date: 2013
Edition Details: First article in a special issue on Flooding
Language: English

This paper examines the impact of disastrous and 'ordinary' floods on human societies in what is now Austria. The focus is on urban areas and their neighbourhoods. Examining institutional sources such as accounts of the bridge masters, charters, statutes and official petitions, it can be shown that city communities were well acquainted with this permanent risk: in fact, an office was established for the restoration of bridges and the maintenance of water defences and large depots for timber and water pipes ensured that the reconstruction of bridges and the system of water supply could start immediately after the floods had subsided. Carpenters and similar groups gained 10 to 20 per cent of their income from the repair of bridges and other flood damage. The construction of houses in endangered zones was adapted in order to survive the worst case experiences. Thus, we may describe those communities living along the central European rivers as 'cultures of flood management'. This special knowledge vanished, however, from the mid-nineteenth century onwards, when river regulations gave the people a false feeling of security.


Description Contents:

Includes Series Articles

Article Kraker, Adriaan de (2013) Storminess in the Low Countries, 1390--1725. Environment and History (pp. 149-171). unapi

Article Galloway, James A. (2013) Coastal Flooding and Socioeconomic Change in Eastern England in the Later Middle Ages. Environment and History (pp. 173-207). unapi

Article Soens, Tim (2013) Flood Security in the Medieval and Early Modern North Sea Area: A Question of Entitlement?. Environment and History (pp. 209-232). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Agostini, Filiberto
Raito, Leonardo
Dam, Petra J. E. M. van
Rohr, Christian
Kraker, Adriaan de
Ewen, Shane
Environment and History
Technology and Culture
History of Meteorology
Franco Angeli
Pearson Education Resources Italia
Water resource management
Hydraulic engineering
Environmental history
Po Plain
Paleocapa, Pietro
Time Periods
14th century
16th century
15th century
Early modern
Danube river

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