Article ID: CBB001421189

Impaired Encoding: Calculating, Ordering, and the “Disability Percentages” Classification System (2014)


Admon-Rick, Gaby (Author)

Science, Technology and Human Values
Volume: 39, no. 1
Issue: 1
Pages: 105-129

Publication Date: 2014
Edition Details: Article in a special section: “STS and Disability”
Language: English

Work injury compensation and pensions are often determined according to medical disability rating scales attributing a percentage to each impaired body part or function. Incorporated into central medical--administrative networks of committees and examinations, these produce disability as a calculable space. This article examines the specific case of the Israeli National Insurance regulations regarding work injuries of 1956 and analyzes the shifted order they set. Looking at this system in the specific historical context of transition from the British Mandate workmen's compensation system to the disability percentages system, provides insight into the process of structuring and stabilizing durable numerical forms and the production of centralized government. Drawing on conceptualizations regarding the sociotechnical role of classification systems, I contend that through encoding and calculating classifications of disability, heterogeneity is eliminated and an ordering based on physiology is black boxed, illustrating the importance of technoscientific formations in structuring the medical model of disability.

Included in

Article Blume, Stuart; Galis, Vasilis; Pineda, Andrés Valderrama (2014) Introduction: STS and Disability. Science, Technology and Human Values (pp. 98-104). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Golan, Tal
Dale, Pamela
Melling, Joseph
Silver, John R.
Wright, David
Bourke, Joanna
Science, Technology and Human Values
Social History of Medicine
Israel Studies
Journal of Medical Biography
Dynamis: Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientiarumque Historiam Illustrandam
Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society
Oxford University Press
Johns Hopkins University Press
Palgrave Macmillan
Disabilities; disability; accessibility
Science and technology, relationships
Technology and society
Health care
Therapeutic practice; therapy; treatment
Guttmann, Ludwig
Down, John Langdon Haydon
Great Britain
United States
20th century
19th century
21st century
18th century
20th century, late
17th century
National Health Service (Great Britain)

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