Article ID: CBB001421079

The Essence of Race: Kant and Late Enlightenment Reflections (2014)


Ongoing debates between racial naturalists and social constructionists over the broad topic of the reality of race as a natural category (Hochman, 2013, pp. 331--51; Sesardic, 2010, pp. 143--62; Spencer, 2014, pp. 38--43) hinge in many respects on issues that this collection of translations and commentaries from the early horizons of scientific anthropology and racial theory bring to light. Contemporary new racial naturalism, as defended recently in the pages of this journal (Spencer, 2014, pp. 38--43), generally involves the claim that major continental subdivisions of the human species have some biological reality, defined by genetic cluster analysis. At the same time this is not also a claim that these fall into traditional taxonomic categories such as Subspecies. Opponents of this modified group realism, such as Adam Hochman (2013, pp. 331--51), argue for a social constructivism of racial categories that does not deny biological correlates, but recognizes the dominant importance of social factors involved in enlisting biological differences and investing these with socio-cultural meanings (Gannett, 2010 in Hochman, 2013, p. 334).

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Authors & Contributors
Cohen, Alix A.
Ferrari, Jean
Baldo, Italo Francesco
Robinet, André
Lafrance, Guy
Geonget, Brigitte
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
Studia Patavina: Rivista di Scienze Religiose
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Intellectual History Review
Eighteenth Century: Theory and Interpretation
University of Chicago Press
Presses Universitaires de France
Palgrave Macmillan
Cambridge University Press
University of Washington
Science and race
Definition of human; human nature
Human sciences
Kant, Immanuel
Herder, Johann Gottfried
Cohen, Hermann
Dilthey, Wilhelm
Humboldt, Wilhelm von
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm von
Time Periods
18th century
19th century
17th century

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