Article ID: CBB001421066

“Geographical Distribution Patterns of Various Genes”: Genetic Studies of Human Variation after 1945 (2014)


Lipphardt, Veronika (Author)

Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Volume: 47, Part A
Issue: Part A
Pages: 50-61

Publication Date: 2014
Edition Details: Article in a special section: “Heredity and The Study of Human Populations After 1945”
Language: English

After WWII, physical anthropologists and human geneticists struggled hard to demonstrate distance from `racial science' and `eugenics'. This was a crucial factor in the `revolution' of physical anthropology in the 1950s, as contemporary accounts referred to it. My paper examines the apparent turn during this period from anthropometric measurements to blood-group analysis, and from `races' to `small endogamous populations', or `isolates', as the unit of study. I demonstrate that anthropometry and blood-group analysis were used simultaneously and in the same research projects until the 1960s. Isolated populations were the new target groups of human population geneticists, from large continental groups to small village populations. Colonial infrastructures provided suitable conditions for these kinds of transnational research projects. I argue that this new framework helped to translate much of the content of earlier racial studies into a less attackable approach to human variation.

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Article Bangham, Jenny; Chadarevian, Soraya de (2014) Human Heredity after 1945: Moving Populations Centre Stage. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences (pp. 45-49). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Bangham, Jenny
Hyun, Jaehwan
Jenkins, Bill
Widmer, Alexandra
Weindling, Paul J.
Weidman, Nadine M.
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Science, Technology and Human Values
Science in Context
Perspectives on Science
History of Science
History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
University of Chicago Press
Oxford University Press
University of Virginia
Science and race
Physical anthropology
Human genetics
Public health
Ceppellini, Ruggero
Samyŏl, Yi
Penrose, Lionel
Lundberg, Erik
Goddard, Henry Herbert
Galton, Francis
Time Periods
20th century
19th century
21st century
18th century
United States
Soviet Union
Great Britain
South Korea
World Health Organization (WHO)
University of Edinburgh

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