Article ID: CBB001421014

“Gerichtetes Wahrnehmen”, “Stimmung”, “soziale Verstärkung” (2014)


Bauer, Julian (Author)

NTM: Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften, Technik und Medizin
Volume: 22, no. 1-2
Issue: 1 - 2
Pages: 87-109

Publication Date: 2014
Edition Details: Article in a special issue, “Gestalt -- Ritus -- Kollektiv. Ludwik Fleck im Kontext der Ethnologie, Gestaltpsychologie und Soziologie seiner Zeit”
Language: German

This article analyses three basic concepts of Ludwik Fleck's Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact. It shows first that Fleck's notion of directed perception is closely linked to Jakob von Uexküll's writings on the Umwelt of animals and humans. The article then proposes to regard the epistemological debates surrounding parapsychology as an important testing ground for the Fleckian concept of mood and his concomitant hypotheses about the tenacity of systems of opinion and the harmony of illusions. It finally argues that Fleck's modification of Wilhelm Jerusalem's idea of the social consolidation of knowledge helps us to understand the indebtedness of Fleck towards early functionalist sociology as well as his strong belief in specific historical laws governing the development of ideas. The historical semantics of Fleck's works hence proves that his insights are neither marginal nor revolutionary but rather deeply rooted within scientific traditions from the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Included in

Article Zittel, Claus (2014) Ludwik Flecks Gestaltbegriff und sein Blick auf die Gestaltpsychologie seiner Zeit. NTM: Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften, Technik und Medizin (pp. 9-29). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Staubermann, Klaus B.
Lindenmann, Jean
Wolffram, Heather
Petitjean, Patrick
Porter, Theodore M.
Kripal, Jeffrey John
NTM: Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften, Technik und Medizin
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
British Journal for the History of Science
Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
Isis: International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Revue d'Histoire des Sciences
University of Chicago Press
Cambridge University Press
Stanford University
Oxford University Press
Stanford University Press
Parapsychology; psychic phenomena
Authority of science
Social sciences
Science, general histories
Experiments and experimentation
Fleck, Ludwik
Uexküll, Jakob Johann von
Zöllner, Johann Karl Friedrich
Schaudinn, Friedrich
Siegel, Carl Ludwig
Comte, Auguste
Time Periods
19th century
20th century
20th century, early
18th century
21st century
United States
Great Britain
Leipzig (Germany)

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