Article ID: CBB001420777

The Central Institute for Brain Research in Amsterdam and Its Directors (2014)


The Central Institute for Brain Research was founded in Amsterdam in 1908 as part of an international effort to study the nervous system with multiple institutions and various disciplines. The development of research in the past hundred years at the Brain Institute has hardly been documented. We analyze the history of this institute by means of brief portraits of its directors and their main research topics. It appears that each director introduced his own branch of neuroscience into the institute. Initially, mainly comparative neuroanatomical data were collected. Following the Second World War, the multidisciplinary approach slowly developed with research programs on systems neuroscience, neuroendocrinology, and brain disorders. Every new director introduced new approaches to the study of the brain and thus played an important role in keeping brain research in the Netherlands at the international forefront where it has been ever since its foundation in 1908.

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Authors & Contributors
Malabou, Catherine
Constable, Marianne
Davis, Whitney
Wintroub, Michael
Thompson, Charis
Moreira, Tiago
Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
Isis: International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Social Studies of Science
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte
Revue d'Histoire des Sciences
MIT Press
Cambridge University Press
Wallstein Verlag
Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin
University of California, Berkeley
Nervous system
Soury, Jules
Collins, Samuel
Monakow, Constantin von
Sereni, Enrico
Ramón y Cajal, Santiago
Kandel, Eric Richard
Time Periods
19th century
20th century
20th century, early
17th century
21st century
18th century
Great Britain
Naples (Italy)
United States
Society for Neuroscience
Neurosciences Research Program
International Brain Research Organization
Montreal Neurological Institute
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MIT

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