Article ID: CBB001420506

Los taxones como tipos: Buffon, Cuvier y Lamarck (2011)


From a Darwinian point of view, taxonomic groups are understood as historical entities that arise at an evolutionary moment and that can always disappear. But these groups were also understood by many naturalists as natural kinds; in other words, as permanent, ahistorical types. I will explore some of the forms that this typological thought took, showing that this typological perspective neither depends on theological beliefs, nor obeys the adoption of an ontology that might contradict natural science. Thus I shall analyze Buffon's understanding of species and the ways in which Cuvier and Lamarck understood the higher taxonomic orders.

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Authors & Contributors
Corsi, Pietro
Laurent, Goulven
Browne, E. Janet
Cohen, Claudine
Fischer, Jean-Louis
Gissis, Snait B.
Asclepio: Archivo Iberoamericano de Historia de la Medicina
Sciences et Techniques en Perspective
Archives of Natural History
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Perspectives on Science
Filosofia e História da Biologia
Éditions du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle
Actes Sud
Pickering & Chatto
The MIT Press
Science and religion
Lamarck, Jean Baptiste Antoine Pierre de Monet de
Cuvier, Georges
Darwin, Charles Robert
Buffon, Georges Louis Leclerc de
Knox, William
Jussieu, Antoine Laurent de
Latin America
19th century
18th century
20th century
21st century
17th century
Early modern
Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris
Institut de France, Paris
Jesuits (Society of Jesus)

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