Article ID: CBB001420209

Philosophy of Experiment in Early Modern England: The Case of Bacon, Boyle and Hooke (2014)


Serious philosophical reflection on the nature of experiment began in earnest in the seventeenth century. This paper expounds the most influential philosophy of experiment in seventeenth-century England, the Bacon-Boyle-Hooke view of experiment. It is argued that this can only be understood in the context of the new experimental philosophy practised according to the Baconian theory of natural history. The distinctive typology of experiments of this view is discussed, as well as its account of the relation between experiment and theory. This leads into an assessment of other recent discussions of early modern experiment, namely, those of David Gooding, Thomas Kuhn, J.E. Tiles and Peter Dear.

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Authors & Contributors
Yeo, Richard R.
Robinson, Benedict
Lee, Daniel D.
Sacco, Francesco Giuseppe
Simon, David Carroll
Alice Leonard
Early Science and Medicine: A Journal for the Study of Science, Technology and Medicine in the Pre-modern Period
Annals of Science: The History of Science and Technology
Notes and Records: The Royal Society Journal of the History of Science
History of Science
Circumscribere: International Journal for the History of Science
Archive for History of Exact Sciences
State University of New York at Stony Brook
University of Chicago Press
The Robert Boyle Project
Oxford University Press
Cornell University Press
Natural philosophy
Experiments and experimentation
Mechanism; mechanical philosophy
Methodology of science; scientific method
Experience; witness
Boyle, Robert
Hooke, Robert
Bacon, Francis, 1st Baron Verulam
Locke, John
Milton, John
Newton, Isaac
Time Periods
17th century
Early modern
18th century
16th century
Great Britain
Royal Society of London

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