Article ID: CBB001420017

Operant Psychology Makes a Splash---In Marine Mammal Training (1955--1965) (2014)


Despite the wide spread use of operant conditioning within marine animal training, relatively little is known about this unique application of behavioral technology. This article explores the expansion of operant psychology to commercial marine animal training from 1955 to 1965, specifically at marine parks such as Marine Studios Florida, Marineland of the Pacific, Sea Life Park, and SeaWorld. The contributions of Keller and Marian Breland and their business Animal Behavior Enterprises (ABE) as well as other early practitioners of behavioral technology are reviewed. We also describe how operant technology was introduced and formalized into procedures that have become the cornerstone of marine animal training and entertainment. The rapid growth of the marine park industry during this time was closely linked to the spread of behavioral technology. The expansion of operant training methods within marine animal training is a unique success story of behavioral technology.

Citation URI

Similar Citations

Article Gordon L. Miller; (2021)
The rain calls of frogs and the reigning paradigm of American herpetology (/isis/citation/CBB960366223/) unapi

Article Pearson, Chris; (2013)
Dogs, History, and Agency (/isis/citation/CBB001202107/) unapi

Article John Block Friedman; (2022)
A bonnacon’s defensive tactics in medieval natural history (/isis/citation/CBB325187938/) unapi

Book Susan Nance; (2013)
Entertaining Elephants: Animal Agency and the Business of the American Circus (/isis/citation/CBB260794950/) unapi

Article Anna Klassen; (2021)
Methodological Signatures in Early Ethology: The Problem of Animal Subjectivity (/isis/citation/CBB504631735/) unapi

Article Wilson, David A. H.; (2002)
Experimental Animal Behaviour Studies: The Loss of Initiative in Britain 100 Years Ago (/isis/citation/CBB000202701/) unapi

Article Feder, Helena; (2010)
Introduction (/isis/citation/CBB001023609/) unapi

Book Vicedo, Marga; (2013)
The Nature and Nurture of Love: From Imprinting to Attachment in Cold War America (/isis/citation/CBB001213142/) unapi

Article Evan Arnet; (2019)
Conwy Lloyd Morgan, Methodology, and the Origins of Comparative Psychology (/isis/citation/CBB156167583/) unapi

Article Munz, Tania; (2005)
The Bee Battles: Karl von Frisch, Adrian Wenner and the Honey Bee Dance Language Controversy (/isis/citation/CBB000670733/) unapi

Article Dewsbury, Donald A.; (2002)
The Role of Evidence in Interpretations of the Scientific Work of Karl Lashley (/isis/citation/CBB000202773/) unapi

Thesis Munz, Tania; (2007)
Of Birds and Bees: Karl von Frisch, Konrad Lorenz and the Science of Animals,1908--1973 (/isis/citation/CBB001561473/) unapi

Book Schulkin, Jay; (2005)
Curt Richter: A Life in the Laboratory (/isis/citation/CBB000600030/) unapi

Article Vicedo, Marga; (2009)
Mothers, Machines, and Morals: Harry Harlow's Work on Primate Love from Lab to Legend (/isis/citation/CBB000932850/) unapi

Article Crist, Eileen; (2004)
Can an Insect Speak? The Case of the Honeybee Dance Language (/isis/citation/CBB000651068/) unapi

Article Vicedo, Marga; (2009)
The Father of Ethology and the Foster Mother of Ducks: Konrad Lorenz as Expert on Motherhood (/isis/citation/CBB000951597/) unapi

Article Hugo Viciana; (2021)
Animal culture: But of which kind? (/isis/citation/CBB506611709/) unapi

Article Bradshaw, G. A.; (2010)
An Ape Among Many: Animal Co-Authorship and Trans-species Epistemic Authority (/isis/citation/CBB001023610/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Vicedo, Marga
Munz, Tania
Wilson, David A. H.
Dewsbury, Donald A.
Schulkin, Jay
Crist, Eileen
Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
Journal of the History of Biology
Configurations: A Journal of Literature, Science, and Technology
Archives of Natural History
History of Science
Social Studies of Science
Johns Hopkins University Press
University of Chicago Press
Princeton University
Animal behavior
Animal psychology
Human-animal relationships
Mothers and children
Comparative physiology
Lorenz, Konrad
Frisch, Karl von
Harlow, Harry Frederick
Lashley, Karl Spencer
Richter, Curt P.
Wenner, Adrian
Time Periods
20th century
19th century
20th century, late
13th century
20th century, early
United States
Great Britain

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment