Article ID: CBB001420016

The Emergence and Development of Bekhterev's Psychoreflexology in Relation to Wundt's Experimental Psychology (2014)

unapi

After its foundation, the Laboratory for Experimental Psychology at Leipzig University became an international center for psychological research, attracting students from all over the world. The Russian physiologist and psychiatrist Vladimir Bekhterev (1857--1927) was one of Wilhelm Wundt's students in 1885, and after returning to Russia he continued enthusiastically his experimental research on mental phenomena. However, he gradually distanced himself from Wundt's psychological project and developed a new concept of psychology: the so-called Objective Psychology or Psychoreflexology. The goal of this paper is to analyze Bekhterev's position in relation to Wundt's experimental psychology, by showing how the former came to reject the latter's conception of psychology. The results indicate that Bekhterev's development of a philosophical program, including his growing interest in establishing a new Weltanschauung is the main reason behind his divergence with Wundt, which is reflected in his conception of scientific psychology. Despite this, Wundt remained alive in Bekhterev's mind as an ideal counterpoint.

...More
Citation URI
http://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB001420016/

Similar Citations

Article Bringmann, Wolfgang G.; Ungerer, Gustav A.; (1980)
The establishment of Wilhelm Wundt's Leipzig laboratory (/isis/citation/CBB000021966/)

Article Ayala, Christopher; Borawski, Steven; Miller, Jonathon; (2008)
Replication and Pedagogy in the History of Psychology V: The Metronome and Wilhelm Wundt's Search for the Components of Consciousness (/isis/citation/CBB001032874/)

Article Greenwood, John D.; (2003)
Wundt, Völkerpsychologie and Experimental Social Psychology (/isis/citation/CBB000330537/)

Book Mandler, George; (2007)
A History of Modern Experimental Psychology: From James and Wundt to Cognitive Science (/isis/citation/CBB000772113/)

Book Rieber, Robert W; Robinson, David K.; (2001)
Wilhelm Wundt in History: The Making of a Scientific Pyschology (/isis/citation/CBB000101406/)

Article Wassmann, Claudia; (2009)
Physiological Optics, Cognition and Emotion: A Novel Look at the Early Work of Wilhelm Wundt (/isis/citation/CBB000930502/)

Article Gary Hatfield; (2020)
Wundt and “Higher Cognition”: Elements, Association, Apperception, and Experiment (/isis/citation/CBB419943096/)

Article Schmidgen, Henning; (2003)
Time and Noise: The Stable Surroundings of Reaction Experiments, 1860--1890 (/isis/citation/CBB000340810/)

Article Claudia Cristalli; (2022)
Unconscious inferences in perception in early experimental psychology: From Wundt to Peirce (/isis/citation/CBB469224210/)

Article Draaisma, Douwe; De Rijcke, Sarah; (2001)
The graphic strategy: The uses and functions of illustrations in Wundt's Grundzäge (/isis/citation/CBB000101698/)

Article Schmidgen, Henning; (2013)
Camera Silenta: Time Experiments, Media Networks, and the Experience of Organlessness (/isis/citation/CBB001320388/)

Article Goodwin, C. James; (2005)
Reorganizing the Experimentalists: The Origins of the Society of Experimental Psychologists (/isis/citation/CBB000630715/)

Book Hiebsch, Hans; (1977)
Wilhelm Wundt und die Anfänge der experimentellen Psychologie (/isis/citation/CBB000027268/)

Book Keen, Ernest; (2001)
A History of Ideas in American Psychology (/isis/citation/CBB000102301/)

Article Traetta, Luigi; (2003)
La misura del tempo nel laboratorio di Lipsia: W. Wundt e M. Friedrich (/isis/citation/CBB000502741/)

Article Hatfield, Gary; (1997)
Wundt and psychology as science: Disciplinary transformations (/isis/citation/CBB000079613/)

Authors & Contributors
Hatfield, Gary Carl
Robinson, D. K.
Schmidgen, Henning
Métaux, Alexandre
Bringmann, Wolfgang C.
Ungerer, Gustav A.
Journals
History of Psychology
Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
Psychologische Rundschau
Storia e Critica della Psicologia
Perspectives on Science
History of the Human Sciences
Publishers
Akademie-Verlag
Kluwer Academic
Praeger
MIT Press
Concepts
Psychology
Experimental psychology
Experiments and experimentation
Discipline formation
Cognition
Senses and sensation; perception
People
Wundt, Wilhelm Max
James, William
Friedrich, Max
Watson, John Broadus
Freud, Sigmund
Skinner, Burrhus Frederic
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, early
20th century
Places
United States
Central Europe: Germany, Austria, Switzerland
Germany
France
Russia
Institutions
Universität Leipzig
Society of Experimental Psychologists
Comments

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment