Article ID: CBB001321079

Het ontstaan van het systeem van bètadisciplines: de natuurkunde (2013)

unapi

Lunteren, Frans van (Author)


Studium: Tijdschrift voor Wetenschaps- en Universiteitgeschiedenis
Volume: 6, no. 2
Issue: 2
Pages: 91-112


Publication Date: 2013
Edition Details: Translated title: [The emergence of the system of scientific disciplines: the case of physics.] In Dutch.

The emergence of the system of scientific disciplines: the case of physics This essay aims to contribute to a better understanding of the emergence of academic disciplines in the course of the nineteenth century. Being largely based upon Rudolf Stichweh's 1984-exemplary study Zur Entstehung des modernen Systems wissenschaftlicher Disziplinen. Physik in Deutschland 1740--1890, this essay takes an academic discipline to comprise a well-defined body of knowledge, a corresponding field of research, a set of institutions and a community of representatives, who owe their access to this community to expert skills acquired through an academic education. It describes the emergence of these different facets in the case of physics. This process involved the gradual emergence of a clear demarcation with respect to bordering fields like chemistry and mathematics, the rise of vocational training at the universities, the emergence of specialized journals and of disciplinary communities. Seen from this perspective and in contrast to the received view the modern system of academic disciplines only emerged in the second half -- or rather, the last third -- of the nineteenth century.

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Authors & Contributors
Frercks, Jan
Navarro Brotóns, Víctor
Clark, William
Egolf, Roger A.
Toca, Ángel
Nielsen, Anita Kildebaek
Journals
Bulletin for the History of Chemistry
Ambix: Journal of the Society for the History of Alchemy and Chemistry
Jahrbuch für Europäische Wissenschaftskultur
Dynamis: Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientiarumque Historiam Illustrandam
Centaurus: International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology
Journal of the History of Dentistry
Publishers
University of Chicago Press
Springer
Passage-Verl.
Oregon State University
Western Michigan University
Concepts
Science education and teaching
Universities and colleges
Chemistry
Professions and professionalization
Discipline formation
Physics
People
Newton, Isaac
Copernicus, Nicolaus
Divers, Edward
Winkler, Clemens
Wheeler, John Archibald
Rolfinck, Werner
Time Periods
19th century
20th century
20th century, early
17th century
20th century, late
16th century
Places
Germany
United States
Spain
Denmark
Portugal
Scotland
Institutions
Lafayette College (Easton, Pa.)
Università di Roma
Universität Leipzig
Bergakademie Freiberg
Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena
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