Article ID: CBB001320454

Lynn Margulis (1938--2011) (2012)

unapi

Science progresses mainly through experimentation, but to become useful, experimental results have to be scrutinized, interpreted, and placed on a proper intellectual scaffold. These two activities are not always carried out evenly by the same person. Some scientists become known for their impressive experiments, others for innovative theoretical syntheses. Lynn Margulis, who died on 22 November 2011 at the age of 73, was a striking example of the latter group. She is responsible for the transformative idea that eukaryotic cells evolved by the acquisition and exploitation of other, smaller cells, a process known as endosymbiosis. Accordingly, essential components of eukaryotic cells---the organelles mitochondria and, in photosynthetic cells, plastids---are derived from bacteria that some ancestral cell had ingested. These events are thought to have taken place early in the history of life on Earth.

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Authors & Contributors
Fangerau, Heiner
Halling, Thorsten
Ansari, Anousheh
Hickam, Homer H.
Neufeld, Michael J.
Rossiter, Margaret W.
Journals
Science
Studies in Dialectics of Nature
Endeavour: Review of the Progress of Science
IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering
Publishers
Johns Hopkins University Press
Transcript Verlag
Palgrave Macmillan
Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press
Springer
The MIT Press
Concepts
Biographies
Women in science
Scientists
Science and gender
Space travel; space flight
Astronautics
People
Ansari, Anousheh
Yau, Shing-Tung
Zinder, Norton D.
Miller, Oscar R.
Lovell, Alfred Charles Bernard
Crow, James Franklin
Time Periods
20th century, late
21st century
20th century
Places
United States
Iran
Russia
China
Institutions
United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Human Genome Project
Census of Marine Life (1999-2009)
Charles Babbage Institute, University of Minnesota
Nuffield Radio Astronomy Laboratories, Jodrell Bank
American Association for the Advancement of Science
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