Article ID: CBB001320175

Monod before Monod: Enzymatic Adaptation, Lwoff, and the Legacy of General Biology (2013)

unapi

For most of his scientific career, Jacques Monod appeared to be a man of a single problem: the formation of enzymes and the regulation of their properties. His ability to produce theoretical models led him to play a major role in both the discovery of the operon regulation and the model of allosteric transitions. The successes of Monod, from the 1950s to the Noble Prize (1965), are already well documented. In this paper, I will focus on the Monod before Monod, that is, the Monod who, during the 1940s, tried to explain the fundamental phenomenon of enzymatic adaptation. To begin with, however, I will survey how this phenomenon was discovered and explained by French Pasteurians at the very beginning of the twentieth century. This first explanation took place amidst an entrenched Lamarckian atmosphere in French thought, which was still alive during the 1920s and the 1930s, when Monod commenced the study of biology at the Sorbonne. Because of his will to construct a scientific biology free from teleology, Monod always tried to break from the legacy of this traditional background of Lamarckism, and he consequently developed ways of thinking that, in the main, were not part of the French biological tradition. Nevertheless, one point did link Monod to French history: his fruitful interactions with André Lwoff. As we shall see, these interactions were necessary for the development of Monod's science, both technically and intellectually speaking.

...More

Description Focuses on Jacques Monod's work on enzymatic adaptation before 1950.


Citation URI
https://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB001320175/

Similar Citations

Article Pierre Louis Blaiseau; Allyson M. Holmes; (2021)
Diauxic Inhibition: Jacques Monod's Ignored Work (/isis/citation/CBB929908273/)

Article Henri Buc; Pierre-Olivier Méthot; (2020)
1970, Le Hasard et la nécessité et La Logique du vivant: Quelques souvenirs des uns et des autres (/isis/citation/CBB863384412/)

Article Daniel Demellier; Laurent Loison; (2020)
Les archives de François Jacob, André Lwoff et Jacques Monod à l’Institut Pasteur (/isis/citation/CBB373459841/)

Article Pierre-Olivier Méthot; (2023)
Jacob versus Monod on the Natural Selection of Ideas (/isis/citation/CBB694704544/)

Article Sloan, Phillip R.; (2012)
How Was Teleology Eliminated in Early Molecular Biology? (/isis/citation/CBB001221597/)

Article Christine Batut-Hourquebie; (2020)
Pour une lecture rhétorique du Hasard et la nécessité de Jacques Monod (/isis/citation/CBB647544506/)

Article Oliver M. Lean; (2019)
Chemical arbitrariness and the causal role of molecular adapters (/isis/citation/CBB162430966/)

Article Ronan Le Roux; (2020)
Entre hasard et programme: Monod, Jacob et la cybernétique (/isis/citation/CBB986276851/)

Article Pierre-Olivier Méthot; (2020)
François Jacob et La Logique du vivant: Une histoire des objets de la biologie (/isis/citation/CBB273778809/)

Book Ullmann, Agnes; (2004)
Origins of Molecular Biology: A Tribute to Jacques Monod (/isis/citation/CBB000471350/)

Article Hans-Jürgen Apell; (2019)
Finding Na,K-ATPase II - From fluxes to ion movements (/isis/citation/CBB214010324/)

Essay Review Cohen, Seymour S.; (2000)
A Guide to the History of Biochemistry (/isis/citation/CBB000111008/)

Article Travis, Anthony S.; (2008)
Models for Biomedical Research: The Theory and Practice of Paul Ehrlich (/isis/citation/CBB000931567/)

Authors & Contributors
Méthot, Pierre-Olivier
Loison, Laurent
Santesmases, María Jesús
Cohen, Seymour S.
Gal, J.
Gaudillière, Jean-Paul
Journals
Revue d'Histoire des Sciences
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
Journal of the History of Biology
Chirality: The Pharmacological, Biological, and Chemical Consequences of Molecular Asymmetry
History and Technology
Publishers
ASM Press
Concepts
Molecular biology
Biology
Enzymes
Evolution
Philosophy of science
Physiology
People
Monod, Jacques
Jacob, François
Lwoff, André
Bohr, Niels Henrik David
Boyer, Paul
Delbrück, Max
Time Periods
20th century
20th century, late
21st century
19th century
20th century, early
Places
France
United States
Paris (France)
Spain
Institutions
Institut Pasteur, Paris
Collège de France, Paris
Comments

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment