Article ID: CBB001252365

A Plea for a Historical Epistemology of Research (2012)


The paper approaches the topic of what a general philosophy of science could mean today from the perspective of a historical epistemology. Consequently, in a first step, the paper looks at the notion of generality in the sciences, and how it evolved over time, on the example of the life sciences. In the second part of the paper, the urgency of a general philosophy of science is located in the history of philosophy of science. Two attempts at the beginning of the twentieth century are particularly highlighted: that of Karl Popper and that of Martin Heidegger. Both of them concentrate, albeit in widely different form, on the phenomenon of research as an open-ended process. This trend is even more pronounced in Gaston Bachelard's version of a historical epistemology, whose work is taken as a point of reference for a general historical epistemology of research. The paper concludes with a plea to look, with Georges Canguilhem, at the history of the sciences as a laboratory for epistemology.

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Authors & Contributors
Bensaude-Vincent, Bernadette
Chimisso, Christina
Rheinberger, Hans-Jörg
Díez, José A.
Rowbottom, Darrell P.
Miller, David
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
VIET: Voprosy Istorii Estestvoznaniia i Tekhniki
History of the Human Sciences
NTM: Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften, Technik und Medizin
Duke University Press
Presses Universitaires de France
H. Champion
Altrimedia Edizioni
Philosophy of science
History of philosophy of science
History of science, as a discipline
Popper, Karl Raimund
Bachelard, Gaston
Canguilhem, Georges
Heidegger, Martin
Kuhn, Thomas S.
Duhem, Pierre
20th century
19th century
20th century, early

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