Article ID: CBB001252235

Analytical Sociology: A Bungean Appreciation (2012)

unapi

Wan, Poe Yu-ze (Author)


Science and Education
Volume: 21, no. 10
Issue: 10
Pages: 1545-1565


Publication Date: 2012
Edition Details: Part of a special issue, “Mario Bunge: Evaluations of His Systematic Philosophy”
Language: English

Analytical sociology, an intellectual project that has garnered considerable attention across a variety of disciplines in recent years, aims to explain complex social processes by dissecting them, accentuating their most important constituent parts, and constructing appropriate models to understand the emergence of what is observed. To achieve this goal, analytical sociologists demonstrate an unequivocal focus on the mechanism-based explanation grounded in action theory. In this article I attempt a critical appreciation of analytical sociology from the perspective of Mario Bunge's philosophical system, which I characterize as emergentist systemism. I submit that while the principles of analytical sociology and those of Bunge's approach share a lot in common, the latter brings to the fore the ontological status and explanatory importance of supra-individual actors (as concrete systems endowed with emergent causal powers) and macro-social mechanisms (as processes unfolding in and among social systems), and therefore it does not stipulate that every causal explanation of social facts has to include explicit references to individual-level actors and mechanisms. In this sense, Bunge's approach provides a reasonable middle course between the Scylla of sociological reification and the Charybdis of ontological individualism, and thus serves as an antidote to the untenable strong program of microfoundations to which some analytical sociologists are committed.

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Article Matthews, Michael R. (2012) Mario Bunge, Systematic Philosophy and Science Education: An Introduction. Science and Education (pp. 1393-1403). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Matthews, Michael R.
Poirier, Maben Walter
Bond, Niall
Feest, Uljana
Agassi, Joseph
Cordero, Alberto
Journals
Science and Education
History of the Human Sciences
Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society
European Legacy
Endeavour: Review of the Progress of Science
Publishers
Springer
University of Minnesota Press
Concepts
Philosophy of science
Social sciences
Sociology
Physics
Quantum mechanics
Biographies
People
Bunge, Mario
Polanyi, Michael
Hobbes, Thomas
Tönnies, Ferdinand
Beck, Guido
Elias, Norbert
Places
United States
Argentina
Canada
Latin America
Times
20th century
21st century
19th century
20th century, late
Enlightenment
20th century, early
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