Article ID: CBB001252167

From Javanese Coca to Java Coca: An Exemplary Product of Dutch Colonial Agro-Industrialism, 1880--1920 (2013)


In 1875 the Botanical Garden of Buitenzorg introduced two coca plants on the island of Java, which was then part of the Netherlands East Indies. Within a thirty-year period, starting in 1892, Java succeeded in becoming the world's leading exporter of coca leaves, surpassing the traditional coca producers in Peru and Bolivia. How and why did this occur? We argue that the story of the transformation of Javanese coca into "Java coca" as part of a "branding" process is closely linked to the rise of the ethical pharmaceutical industry in Europe and a laboratory revolution in botany, chemistry, and pharmacy. The story is also one of transnational circulation of experts, expertise, and the coca plants and leaves that traveled among South America, Europe, and Southeast Asia. Furthermore, this case study illustrates the nineteenth-century transition from colonial botany and "green imperialism" to what we conceptualize as "colonial agro-industrialism."

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Authors & Contributors
Knight, G. Roger
Goss, Andrew M.
Marten Dondorp
Broere, Sebastiaan
Churchill, Jennie
Ko, Kevin E.
Studia Historiae Scientiarum
Victorian Literature and Culture
Journal of Southeast Asian Studies
History of Science
History of Psychology
História, Ciências, Saúde---Manguinhos
Halstead Press
University of Adelaide Press
Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study
Northwestern University
University of Wisconsin Press
Oxford University Press
Botanical gardens
Netherlands, colonies
Natural history
Engelhard, C. F.
Trzebiński, Józef
George William Francis
Thunberg, Carl Peter
Schomburgk, Robert Hermann
Paracelsus, Theophrast von Hohenheim
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, early
20th century
18th century
17th century
Edo period (Japan, 1603-1868)
Java (Indonesia)
East Indies
Great Britain
Vilniaus universitetas
Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro
Uppsala Universitet
Dutch East India Company
Adelaide Botanic Garden

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