Article ID: CBB001251412

“Applied Science”: A Phrase in Search of a Meaning (2012)

unapi

Bud, Robert (Author)


Isis: International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Volume: 103, no. 3
Issue: 3
Pages: 537-545


Publication Date: 2012
Edition Details: Part of a focus section, “Applied Science”
Language: English

The term applied science, as it came to be popularly used in the 1870s, was a hybrid of three earlier concepts. The phrase applied science itself had been coined by Samuel Taylor Coleridge in 1817, translating the German Kantian term angewandte Wissenschaft. It was popularized through the Encyclopaedia Metropolitana, which was structured on principles inherited from Coleridge and edited by men with sympathetic views. Their concept of empirical as opposed to a priori science was hybridized with an earlier English concept of practical science and with science applied to the arts, adopted from the French. Charles Dupin had favored the latter concept and promoted it in the reconstruction of the Conservatoire Nationale des Arts et Métiers. The process of hybridization took place from the 1850s, in the wake of the Great Exhibition, as a new technocratic government favored scientific education. Applied science subsequently was used as the epistemic basis for technical education and the formation of new colleges in the 1870s.

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Article Bud, Robert (2012) Introduction. Isis: International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences (pp. 515-517). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Levere, Trevor H.
Porter, William W.
Katritzky, Linde
Wylie, Ian
Atzema, Eisso J.
Southall, Raymond
Journals
Studies in Romanticism
Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society
Annals of Science: The History of Science and Technology
Notes and Records: The Royal Society Journal of the History of Science
English Language Notes
Historiographia Linguistica: International Journal for the History of the Language Sciences
Publishers
Clarendon Press
Scholars' Facsimiles & Reprints
Cambridge University Press
Palgrave Macmillan
Cambria Press
Washington State University
Concepts
Applied science
Science and literature
Science
Poetry and poetics
Popularization
Personality; character
People
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor
Dupin, Charles
Wordsworth, William
Herschel, John Frederick William
Bartram, William
Quetelet, Lambert Adolphe Jacques
Time Periods
19th century
18th century
20th century, early
Places
British Isles
Great Britain
North America: United States; Canada
Philadelphia, PA
United States
Scandinavia; Nordic countries
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