Article ID: CBB001250011

Natural and Neutral States in Plato's Philebus (2011)


In the Philebus, Plato claims that there exists a natural state of organic harmony in which a living organism is neither restored nor depleted. In contrast to many scholars, I argue that this natural state of organic stability differs from a neutral state between pleasure and pain that Plato also discusses in the dialogue: the natural is without any changes to the organism, the neutral is merely without the perception of these changes. I contend that Plato considers the natural state to be unobtainable by human beings, who can only achieve its closest approximation, namely, the neutral state.


Description On Plato's claim regarding a natural state of organic harmony in a living organism.

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Authors & Contributors
Vecchio, Silvana
Casagrande, Carla
Murnaghan, Sheila
Struck, Peter
Fine, Gail
Cooper, John M.
Apeiron: Journal for Ancient Philosophy and Science
Ancient Philosophy
Dianoia: Annali di storia della filosofia
Neusis: The Greek Journal for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology
History of the Human Sciences
Oxford University Press
Princeton University Press
Stanford University Press
SISMEL edizioni del Galluzzo
University of Pennsylvania
Soul (philosophy)
Philo Judaeus
Alighieri, Dante
Albertus Magnus
Thomas Aquinas, Saint
Time Periods
Early modern
11th century
Rome (Italy)

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