Article ID: CBB001214336

Between Ideology and Science: Dialectics of Dispute on Physics in 1920s--1930s Soviet Russia (2012)


Kanayama, Koji (Author)

Historia Scientiarum: International Journal of the History of Science Society of Japan
Volume: 22, no. 3
Issue: 3
Pages: 201-214

Publication Date: 2012
Edition Details: Part of a special issue, “Science and Soviet Political Authorities: Conflict, Cooperation, and Incongruence”
Language: English

This paper examines the relationship between Soviet scientific community and authority in the Stalin era by investigating how specialists of physical sciences and communist ideologues deal with interpretation of physical theories or concepts in the 1920s and 1930s. Soviet physico-philosophical disputes have often been regarded as a persistent attack on modern physical theories by well allied ideologues or ignoramuses. Minute study of historical documents with a consideration of socio-political context tells us, however, that this veiw must be radically revised. Attacks on leading physicists were not well formed, except for the comparatively short period of the Great Terror. Physicists also sought to find the way of description of physics, which is compatible with Marxist ideology dialectical materialism. We will suggest that it will be suitable to grasp the process of dispute as one of acquiring "Soviet Newspeak", not as a success on showing the correctness or usefulness of physics by leading physicists.

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Article Kojevnikov, Alexei (2012) Science as Co-Producer of Soviet Polity. Historia Scientiarum: International Journal of the History of Science Society of Japan (pp. 161-180). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Kojevnikov, Alexei
Andrews, James T.
Hollinger, David A.
Schmid, Sonja D.
Lourie, Richard
Makarov, V. G.
Science in Context
Osiris: A Research Journal Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
VIET: Voprosy Istorii Estestvoznaniia i Tekhniki
Voprosy filosofii
Voprosy istorii
Science, Technology and Human Values
Brandeis University Press
Texas A&M University Press
Office for History of Science and Technology, University of California
Imperial College Press
Cambridge University Press
University of Chicago
Science and politics
Science and government
Atomic energy; nuclear power
Popular culture
Stalin, Joseph
Sakharov, Andrei
Landau, Lev Davidovich
Raykov, Boris E.
Vygotskii, Lev Semenovich
Trotsky, Leon
Time Periods
20th century, early
20th century
20th century, late
19th century
Soviet Union
United States
Arctic regions
Polar regions

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