Article ID: CBB001213669

Liebig's Australian Connection: James King's Scientific Viticulture (2013)


The pioneering New South Wales vigneron James King (1797--1857) took a technical approach to his winemaking as he did to the pottery he established near his Hunter Valley property, `Irrawang'. In the 1840s he began a correspondence with the famous German chemist and prominent advocate of a scientific approach to agriculture, Justus Liebig, whose ideas he promoted locally. Liebig analysed King's wines and compared them with European varieties. The two men later became personally acquainted when King journeyed to Europe in the mid--1850s. The Liebig connection was augmented by the presence at `Irrawang'of two members of the Muspratt family, alkali manufacturers of Liverpool, both of whom had studied with Liebig and espoused his principles. Thus the master's influence on winemaking in colonial New South Wales was exerted indirectly through them and directly through his correspondence with King.

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Authors & Contributors
Yokota, Tokuo
Ogawa, Mariko
Lee, Robert S.
Justus Liebig-Universität Giessen
Boeck, Gisela
Sakanoue, Masanobu
化学史研究 [Kagakushi kenkyū; Journal of the Japanese Society for the History of Chemistry]
Archives of Natural History
Historical Records of Australian Science
Mitteilungen der Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker, Fachgruppe Geschichte der Chemie
Ambix: Journal of the Society for the History of Alchemy and Chemistry
Science as Culture
New South Wales Univ. Press
Justus Liebig-Universität Giessen
University of California Press
Virginia Polytechnic Institute
Allen & Unwin
Agricultural chemistry
Food science; food technology
Natural history
Liebig, Justus von
Whitton, John
Lawes, John Bennet
Stöckhardt, Julius Adolph
Gilbert, Joseph Henry
Boussingault, Jean Baptiste
Time Periods
19th century
18th century
20th century, early
20th century
New South Wales (Australia)
United States
Mecklenburg (Germany)
Royal Agricultural Society of England

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