Article ID: CBB001212825

A Portrait of the Psychoanalyst as a Bohemian: Ernest Jones and the “Lady from Styria” (2013)


Early psychoanalysts had to work out what it meant for `civilized' sexual morality to lift repression. One possibility was that polygamy might replace monogamy. By 1908 Freud was worried that the defence and practice of polygamy amongst his followers might bring psychoanalysis into disrepute. A central figure in this danger was Otto Gross who openly espoused polygamy and whose ideas had an impact on Jung. New evidence shows that he had an effect too on Ernest Jones, through his wife Frieda with whom Jones had a `polygamous' relationship whilst Gross was with Jung at the Burghölzli in May and June 1908. This relationship is one part of the background to Freud's concern with counter-transference from 1909 and his growing insistence on the psychoanalyst being himself analysed. This paper presents the letters from Jones to Frieda Gross in their historical context.

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Authors & Contributors
Maddox, Brenda
Dufresne, Todd Raymond
Sharman Levinson
Sylvie Chaperon
Maria Antonia Rancadore
Camille Noûs
Psychoanalysis and History
History of Psychiatry
Physis: Rivista Internazionale di Storia della Scienza
Journal of the History of Ideas
Isis: International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
International Journal of Psychoanalysis
Da Capo Press
Springer International Publishing
York University (Canada)
Stanford University Press
Presses Universitaires de France
Sexual behavior
Freud, Sigmund
Jones, Ernest
Gross, Otto
Weiss, Edoardo
Strachey, James
Stopes, Marie Carmichael
Time Periods
20th century, early
19th century
20th century
20th century, late
United States
North America
Berlin (Germany)

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