Book ID: CBB001212798

Gender, State, and Medicine in Highland Ecuador: Modernizing Women, Modernizing the State, 1895--1950 (2012)


Clark, A. Kim (Author)

University of Pittsburgh Press

Publication Date: 2012
Physical Details: xii + 255 pp.; ill.; maps
Language: English

In 1921 Matilde Hidalgo became the first woman physician to graduate from the Universidad Central in Quito, Ecuador. Hidalgo was also the first woman to vote in a national election and the first to hold public office. Author Kim Clark relates the stories of Matilde Hidalgo and other women who successfully challenged newly instituted Ecuadorian state programs in the wake of the Liberal Revolution of 1895. New laws, while they did not specifically outline women's rights, left loopholes wherein women could contest entry into education systems and certain professions and vote in elections. As Clark demonstrates, many of those who seized these opportunities were unattached women who were socially and economically disenfranchised. Political and social changes during the liberal period drew new groups into the workforce. Women found novel opportunities to pursue professions where they did not compete directly with men. Training women for work meant expanding secular education systems and normal schools. Healthcare initiatives were also introduced that employed and targeted women to reduce infant mortality, eradicate venereal diseases, and regulate prostitution. Many of these state programs attempted to control women's behavior under the guise of morality and honor. Yet highland Ecuadorian women used them to better their lives and to gain professional training, health care, employment, and political rights. As they engaged state programs and used them for their own purposes, these women became modernizers and agents of change, winning freedoms for themselves and future generations.

Reviewed By

Review Mooney, Jadwiga E. Pieper (2013) Review of "Gender, State, and Medicine in Highland Ecuador: Modernizing Women, Modernizing the State, 1895--1950". Americas (pp. 136-137). unapi

Review Drinot, Paulo (2013) Review of "Gender, State, and Medicine in Highland Ecuador: Modernizing Women, Modernizing the State, 1895--1950". Journal of Interdisciplinary History (pp. 287-288). unapi

Citation URI

Similar Citations

Book Paulo Drinot; (2020)
The Sexual Question: A History of Prostitution in Peru, 1850s–1950s (/isis/citation/CBB330483529/)

Chapter Männistö-Funk, Tiina; (2008)
The Body of a Real Woman: Medicine in the Young Women's Guidebooks Published in Finland, 1890--1923 (/isis/citation/CBB000760629/)

Article Santos, Fabiane Vinente dos; (2007)
Sexualidade e civilização nos trópicos: gênero, medicina e moral na imprensa de Manaus (1895--1915) (/isis/citation/CBB000831574/)

Article Ceren Gülser İlikan Rasimoğlu; (2022)
Hidden Curriculum and Politicization of Medical Students in the Late Ottoman Empire (/isis/citation/CBB289667581/)

Book Günergun, Feza; (1998)
Osmanli Bilimi Arastirmalari II (/isis/citation/CBB000110619/)

Book Samiksha Sehrawat; (2014)
Colonial Medical Care in North India: Gender, State, and Society, c. 1830-1920 (/isis/citation/CBB698190327/)

Article Miller, Lynn E.; Weiss, Richard M.; (2008)
Medical Education Reform Efforts and Failures of U.S. Medical Schools, 1870--1930 (/isis/citation/CBB000930402/)

Book Kelly, Laura; (2013)
Irish Women in Medicine, c. 1880s--1920s: Origins, Education, and Careers (/isis/citation/CBB001214749/)

Thesis MacMillan, Kurt Thomas; (2013)
Hormonal Bodies: Sex, Race, and Constitutional Medicine in the Iberian-American World, 1900--1950 (/isis/citation/CBB001560681/)

Authors & Contributors
İlikan Rasimoğlu, Ceren Gülser
Sehrawat, Samiksha
Yongyuan Huang
Wildman, Stuart
Weiss, Richard M.
Watts, Ruth
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
Health and History
Medizin, Gesellschaft, und Geschichte
Korean Journal of Medical History
History of Education
História, Ciências, Saúde---Manguinhos
University of California, Irvine
University of New Mexico Press
University of Massachusetts Press
Oxford University Press
Manchester University Press
Lehigh University Press
Medicine and gender
Women and health
Medicine and government
Medical education and teaching
Medicine and race
Medicine and society
Tertemiz, Serafettin Tevfik
Shi, Meiyu
Kang, Cheng
Flexner, Abraham
Efendi, Hekimbasi Salih
Time Periods
20th century, early
19th century
18th century
United States
Ottoman Empire
Istanbul (Turkey)
Birmingham (England)
American Medical Association

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment