Article ID: CBB001212293

Viribus unitis! shall be our watchword: The First International Congress of Mathematicians, Held 9--11 August 1897 in Zurich (2012)


Georg Cantor voiced the need for opportunities facilitating international mathematical cooperation as early as in 1888. A decade and efforts by a number of mathematicians later, the first International Congress of Mathematicians marked the beginning of an era where personal relations between mathematicians were considered to be of great importance. Furthermore, it set the standards for future congresses. As well as giving an overview of the pre-history and the organization of the congress, I look at a wider historic context, conjecture on the reasons why it was held in Zurich and why such a great emphasis was placed on the social aspect. This paper is a slightly modified version of the talk given at the BSHM Research in Progress Meeting held 3 March 2012 in Oxford.

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Authors & Contributors
Sørensen, Henrik Kragh
Indergaard, Mentz
Sacchetti, Andrea
Abrams, Ellen
Hepler-Smith, Evan
Turner, Laura E.
Journal of Applied Phycology
Kwartalnik Historii Nauki i Techniki
Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
Isis: International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences
Historia Mathematica
World Scientific
University of Pittsburgh Press
Columbia University
Harvard University
Scientific communities; interprofessional relations
Congresses, conferences, and meetings
International congresses
Professions and professionalization
Friedel, Charles
Vogt, Oskar
Vogt, Cécile
Mittag-Leffler, Gösta
Henschen, Salomon
Helmholtz, Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, early
20th century
21st century
20th century, late
18th century
United States
Scandinavia; Nordic countries
International Congress of Anthropology and Prehistoric Archaeology
Accademia del Cimento, Florence

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