Article ID: CBB001211990

Die Pallas-Redaktion der Petersburger Vocabularia comparativa und ihre Bedeutung für die Entwicklung der slavischen Sprachwissenschaft (2013)

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Edited in 1787 and 1789 by Peter Simon Pallas (1741-1811) in St. Petersburg, the two-volume dictionary Linguarum totius orbis vocabularia comparativa by Catherine II contains equivalents in 200 languages for 285 more or less elementary Russian words. The Slavonic part, prominently placed on the lines 1 to 12 under the Russian head-word, was given a rather critical review in Josef Dobrovský's (1753-1829) Vergleichung der Russischen und Böhmischen Sprache (1796). Correcting first of all the unsatisfactory documentation of Czech and Slovak with their strange and sometimes erroneous Cyrillic transcription, the reviewer added some suitable equivalents and made many useful comments on the divergent phonetic shapes of the Slavonic words under one and the same Russian lemma. As early as 1794 Dobrovský had found out that in several cases the distribution of these divergencies seems to be regular, suggesting an areal division of the Slavonic languages into a southeastern and a northwestern group (Russian and Serbian vs. Polish and Czech). Already in the 1790s, he began to plan a new edition of the dictionary, for which he published inter alia the so far missing Kajkavian word-list in 1815, and with his model in Vergleichung he inspired Vuk Karadžic (1787-1864) to correct in 1822 the deficient Serbian list and to compile a Bulgarian one. There is convincing evidence that the traditional tripartition of the Slavonic languages introduced by Aleksandr Vostokov (1781-1864) in 1820 (East, West, and South Slavonic) was directly based on Dobrovský's proposal and in some respect benefitted from his painstaking revision of the shortcomings and inconsistencies in the Slavonic entries of the Vocabularia comparativa. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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Authors & Contributors
Giulia Virgilio
McMullan, Luke Anthony
Michiel Leezenberg
Lisa Lynn Chen Obrist
Raschi, Nataša
B. Josh Doty
Journals
Istoriko-Biologicheskie Issledovaniia
Historiographia Linguistica: International Journal for the History of the Language Sciences
Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte
Notes and Records: The Royal Society Journal of the History of Science
Lychnos
Isis: International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Publishers
Franco Cesati Editore
University of Texas at Austin
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Cornell University Press
Carocci Editore
New York University
Concepts
Linguistics; philology
Language and languages
Science and literature
Encyclopedias and dictionaries
Lexicography
French language
People
Pallas, Peter Simon
Buffon, Georges Louis Leclerc de
Saussure, Horace Bénédict de
Rush, Benjamin
Polhem, Christopher
Linnaeus, Carolus
Time Periods
18th century
19th century
17th century
Medieval
Places
Russia
Great Britain
France
Americas
Scotland
United States
Institutions
St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences
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