Article ID: CBB001211412

The “Sixth Continent” of N. I. Vavilov (2012)


Kolchinskii, E. I. (Author)
Shalimov, S. V. (Author)

VIET: Voprosy Istorii Estestvoznaniia i Tekhniki
Volume: 12, no. 4
Issue: 4
Pages: 16-50

Publication Date: 2012
Edition Details: [Translated title.] In Russian.
Language: Russian

Novel archival findings from the communist party archives in St. Petersburg document the first public attacks on N. I. Vavilov during the period of the "cultural revolution," 1929-1932. He was accused of mistakes in research strategies, aloofness to praxis, and of promotion of bourgeois scientific ideas that were foreign to Marxism. Vavilov consequently lost control over appointments in many of the institutions he directed. The documentary record disproves the popular myth about competition between the two scientific schools of Vavilov and Lysenko as primarily responsible for the conflict. Attacks on Vavilov had started even before Lysenko rose to a position of any major authority in the community of agronomists and breeders. They were inspired by party activists and motivated by political and careerist consideration, with only an insignificant scientific component.


Description Regarding the political attacks on Vavilov before Lysenko's rise to power.

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Authors & Contributors
Roll-Hansen, Nils
Wolfe, Audra Jayne
de Jong-Lambert, William
Gordin, Michael D.
Harman, Oren Solomon
Kanayama, Koji
Journal of the History of Biology
Istoriko-Biologicheskie Issledovaniia
科学史研究 Kagakusi Kenkyu (History of Science)
Osiris: A Research Journal Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences
Centaurus: International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology
Humanity Books
Simon & Schuster
Science and politics
Science and ideology
Cold War
Controversies and disputes
Lysenko, Trofim Denisovich
Vavilov, Nikolai Ivanovich
Dobzhansky, Theodosius
Mendel, Gregor Johann
Stalin, Joseph
Michurin, Ivan Vladimirovich
Time Periods
20th century
20th century, early
20th century, late
Soviet Union
United States
Great Britain
Genetics Society of America
Rockefeller Foundation

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