Article ID: CBB001211261

Ivane Tarkhnishvili (Tarchanoff): A Major Georgian Figure from the Russian Physiological School (2012)


This article is dedicated to one of the outstanding scientists of the nineteenth century: Ivane Tarkhnishvili (Tarchanoff), a Russian physiologist of Georgian origin who graduated from the St. Petersburg Medico-Surgical Academy and worked under the supervision of the founder of Russian physiology, Ivan Sechenov. Among his numerous contributions was the discovery of the skin galvanic reflex; however, Tarkhnishvili's most significant contribution was the discovery of the influence of X-rays on the central nervous system, animal behavior, the heart and circulation, and embryonic development. Indeed, these works have given rise to a new field in science (radiobiology). [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]

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Authors & Contributors
Ostrovskii, M. A.
Sakina, N. L.
Chesnov, V. M.
Kichigina, Galina
Coleman, William O.
Todes, Daniel P.
VIET: Voprosy Istorii Estestvoznaniia i Tekhniki
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
Medical History
Galilæana: Journal of Galilean Studies
Apeiron: Journal for Ancient Philosophy and Science
Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
Johns Hopkins University Press
University of Toronto
University of Chicago Press
Physiological psychology
Senses and sensation; perception
Science and society
Pavlov, Ivan Petrovich
Koch, Robert
Lepeshkin, Vladimir Vasil'evich
Darwin, Erasmus
Sechenov, Ivan Mikhaǐlovich
Galilei, Galileo
Soviet Union
Ottoman Empire
19th century
20th century, early
18th century
20th century
17th century
Rossiiskaia Akademiia Nauk
Université de Paris
Laboratoire de Psychologie Physiologique de la Sorbonne

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