Article ID: CBB001211240

Bernstein's Long Path to Membrane Theory: Radical Change and Conservation in Nineteenth-Century German Electrophysiology (2011)

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This article aims at illustrating the historical circumstances that led Julius Bernstein in 1902 to formulate a membrane theory on resting current in muscle and nerve fibers. It was a truly paradigm shift in research into bioelectrical phenomena, if qualified by the observation that, besides Bernstein, many other electrophysiologists between 1890 and 1902 borrowed ideas from the recent ionistic approach in the physical-chemistry domain. But Bernstein's subjective perception of that paradigm shift was that it constituted a mere reinterpretation of the so-called preexistence theory advanced by his teacher Emil du Bois-Reymond in the first half of the nineteenth century. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]

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Authors & Contributors
Finkelstein, Gabriel W.
Forest, Denis
Ehrlich, Philip
Olsén, Jan Eric
Paretti, Germana
De Palma, Armando
Journals
Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
British Journal for the History of Science
Revue d'Histoire des Sciences
Archive for History of Exact Sciences
Polhem: Tidskrift för Teknikhistoria
Nuncius: Annali di Storia della Scienza
Publishers
Wallstein Verlag
Palgrave Macmillan
Pennsylvania State University Press
The MIT Press
Indiana University
Harvard University
Concepts
Neurosciences
Nervous system
Physiology
Electrophysiology
Medicine
Neurology
People
Du Bois-Reymond, Emil Heinrich
Sherrington, Charles Scott
Helmholtz, Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von
Cantor, Georg Ferdinand Ludwig
Adrian, Edgar Douglas
Stahl, Georg Ernst
Places
Germany
Berlin (Germany)
Great Britain
United States
France
Times
19th century
20th century, early
18th century
20th century
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