Article ID: CBB001211240

Bernstein's Long Path to Membrane Theory: Radical Change and Conservation in Nineteenth-Century German Electrophysiology (2011)


This article aims at illustrating the historical circumstances that led Julius Bernstein in 1902 to formulate a membrane theory on resting current in muscle and nerve fibers. It was a truly paradigm shift in research into bioelectrical phenomena, if qualified by the observation that, besides Bernstein, many other electrophysiologists between 1890 and 1902 borrowed ideas from the recent ionistic approach in the physical-chemistry domain. But Bernstein's subjective perception of that paradigm shift was that it constituted a mere reinterpretation of the so-called preexistence theory advanced by his teacher Emil du Bois-Reymond in the first half of the nineteenth century. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]

Citation URI

Similar Citations

Article Olsén, Jan Eric; (2004)
Osäkra avläsningar (/isis/citation/CBB000772814/) unapi

Article Finkelstein, Gabriel; (2003)
M. du Bois-Reymond Goes to Paris (/isis/citation/CBB000340617/) unapi

Article Finkelstein, Gabriel; (2014)
Emil du Bois-Reymond on “The Seat of the Soul” (/isis/citation/CBB001213875/) unapi

Thesis Keele, Lisa; (2008)
Theories of Continuity and Infinitesimals: Four Philosophers of the Nineteenth Century (/isis/citation/CBB001560801/) unapi

Thesis Guenther, Katja; (2009)
A Body Made of Nerves---Reflexes, Body Maps and the Limits of the Self in Modern German Medicine (/isis/citation/CBB001561087/) unapi

Article Bock, Ortwin; (2013)
Cajal, Golgi, Nansen, Schäfer and the Neuron Doctrine (/isis/citation/CBB001213638/) unapi

Article Antonello La Vergata; (2019)
Food, Nerves, and Fertility. Variations on the Moral Economy of the Body, 1700–1920 (/isis/citation/CBB469967440/) unapi

Book Salisbury, Laura; Shail, Andrew; (2010)
Neurology and Modernity: A Cultural History of Nervous Systems, 1800--1950 (/isis/citation/CBB001034355/) unapi

Book Cowan, Michael J.; (2008)
Cult of the Will: Nervousness and German Modernity (/isis/citation/CBB001230888/) unapi

Article Quin, Grégory; Bohuon, Anaïs; (2012)
Muscles, Nerves, and Sex: The Contradictions of the Medical Approach to Female Bodies in Movement in France, 1847--1914 (/isis/citation/CBB001212650/) unapi

Article Forest, Denis; (2004)
Le concept de proprioception dans l'histoire de la sensibilité interne (/isis/citation/CBB000551126/) unapi

Chapter Carvallo, Sarah; (2006)
Histoire du tonus: ruptures ou continuité? (/isis/citation/CBB001024260/) unapi

Book Dierig, Sven; (2006)
Wissenschaft in der Maschinenstadt: Emil Du Bois-Reymond und seine Laboratorien in Berlin (/isis/citation/CBB000950592/) unapi

Book Finkelstein, Gabriel; (2013)
Emil du Bois-Reymond Neuroscience, Self, and Society in Nineteenth-Century Germany (/isis/citation/CBB001451414/) unapi

Article Palma, Armando de; Pareti, Germana; (2007)
The Ways of Metaphor in Neuroscience, or Being on the Right or Wrong Track (/isis/citation/CBB000800280/) unapi

Article Wiesendanger, Mario; (2011)
Postlesion Recovery of Motor and Sensory Cortex in the Early Twentieth Century (/isis/citation/CBB001034919/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Finkelstein, Gabriel W.
Forest, Denis
Ehrlich, Philip
Olsén, Jan Eric
Paretti, Germana
De Palma, Armando
Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
British Journal for the History of Science
Revue d'Histoire des Sciences
Archive for History of Exact Sciences
Polhem: Tidskrift för Teknikhistoria
Nuncius: Annali di Storia della Scienza
Wallstein Verlag
Palgrave Macmillan
Pennsylvania State University Press
The MIT Press
Indiana University
Harvard University
Nervous system
Du Bois-Reymond, Emil Heinrich
Sherrington, Charles Scott
Helmholtz, Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von
Cantor, Georg Ferdinand Ludwig
Adrian, Edgar Douglas
Stahl, Georg Ernst
Berlin (Germany)
Great Britain
United States
19th century
20th century, early
18th century
20th century

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment