Book ID: CBB001202372

Black Skin, White Coats: Nigerian Psychiatrists, Decolonization, and the Globalization of Psychiatry (2013)

unapi

Heaton, Matthew M. (Author)


Ohio University Press


Publication Date: 2013
Physical Details: x + 249 pp.
Language: English

Black Skin, White Coats is a history of psychiatry in Nigeria from the 1950s to the 1980s. Working in the contexts of decolonization and anticolonial nationalism, Nigerian psychiatrists sought to replace racist colonial psychiatric theories about the psychological inferiority of Africans with a universal and egalitarian model focusing on broad psychological similarities across cultural and racial boundaries. Particular emphasis is placed on Dr. T. Adeoye Lambo, the first indigenous Nigerian to earn a specialty degree in psychiatry in the United Kingdom in 1954. Lambo returned to Nigeria to become the medical superintendent of the newly founded Aro Mental Hospital in Abeokuta, Nigeria's first “modern” mental hospital. At Aro, Lambo began to revolutionize psychiatric research and clinical practice in Nigeria, working to integrate “modern” western medical theory and technologies with “traditional” cultural understandings of mental illness. Lambo's research focused on deracializing psychiatric thinking and redefining mental illness in terms of a model of universal human similarities that crossed racial and cultural divides. Black Skin, White Coats is the first work to focus primarily on black Africans as producers of psychiatric knowledge and as definers of mental illness in their own right. By examining the ways that Nigerian psychiatrists worked to integrate their psychiatric training with their indigenous backgrounds and cultural and civic nationalisms, Black Skin, White Coats provides a foil to Frantz Fanon's widely publicized reactionary articulations of the relationship between colonialism and psychiatry. Black Skin, White Coats is also on the cutting edge of histories of psychiatry that are increasingly drawing connections between local and national developments in late-colonial and postcolonial settings and international scientific networks. Heaton argues that Nigerian psychiatrists were intimately aware of the need to engage in international discourses as part and parcel of the transformation of psychiatry at home.

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Reviewed By

Review Kilroy-Marac, Katie (2015) Review of "Black Skin, White Coats: Nigerian Psychiatrists, Decolonization, and the Globalization of Psychiatry". Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences (pp. 100-101). unapi

Review McCulloch, Jock (2014) Review of "Black Skin, White Coats: Nigerian Psychiatrists, Decolonization, and the Globalization of Psychiatry". Bulletin of the History of Medicine (pp. 764-766). unapi

Review McCulloch, Jock (2014) Review of "Black Skin, White Coats: Nigerian Psychiatrists, Decolonization, and the Globalization of Psychiatry". Bulletin of the History of Medicine (pp. 764-766). unapi

Citation URI
http://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB001202372/

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Authors & Contributors
Heaton, Matthew M.
Dolan, Brian
Sutphen, Mary
Porter, Dorothy
Lakoff, Andrew
Halliwell, Martin
Journals
Journal of Early Modern History
Journal of American Culture
Endeavour: Review of the Progress of Science
História, Ciências, Saúde---Manguinhos
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
Social History of Medicine
Publishers
Cambridge University Press
Rutgers University Press
Inner Traditions
University of California, San Francisco
University of California, Santa Barbara
Northwestern University
Concepts
Psychiatry
Mental disorders and diseases
Indigenous peoples; indigeneity
Colonialism
Traditional knowledge
Science and culture
People
Fromm, Erich
Erikson, Erik H.
Menninger, Family
Marcuse, Herbert
Goffman, Erving
Feingold, Ben F.
Places
United States
Nigeria
Hawaii (U.S.)
Citizen Band Potawatomi Indian Tribe of Oklahoma
Argentina
San Francisco, CA
Times
20th century, late
19th century
18th century
21st century
20th century
17th century
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