Article ID: CBB001201444

Making Global Commerce into International Health Diplomacy: Consuls and Disease Control in the Age of Revolutions (2013)


Arner, Katherine (Author)

Journal of World History
Volume: 24
Pages: 771--796

Publication Date: 2013
Edition Details: Part of the forum on “The State and the Epidemiological Transition”.
Language: English

Historians generally view the growth of global governance in disease control as the product of world capitalist expansion and empire building in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. This article uses the world of a U.S. consul, Etienne Cathalan Jr. (1757--1820), to reexamine when, where, and how diplomacy and statecraft participated in the creation of long-distance medical relations and health policies. During Cathalan's era, when trade and naval warfare expanded dramatically beyond Europe and into the Atlantic world, European and American polities regarded the networks of commerce as a rich resource for intelligence, international relations, and knowledge about the natural world. To preserve and extend trade and influence, they built far-flung networks of commercial agents and consuls, like Cathalan, who could broker relations and information in and between foreign ports of call. Health matters became tangled up in the preservation of shipping and commercial relations during Cathalan's tenure. Fluctuating patterns in trade and naval conflict introduced new ecological and health cultural interactions among Americans, Mediterranean Europeans, and populations along the North African coast. Together with government agents, seafarers, and physicians, Cathalan transformed his powers, administrative skills, and sociocultural capital into resources for surveying disease and mediating new health relations in the Atlantic and Europe.

Included in

Article Breyfogle, Nicholas B.; Brooke, John L.; Otter, Christopher J. (2013) The State and the Epidemiological Transition: An Introduction. Journal of World History (p. 737). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Jones, Greta
Malcolm, Elizabeth
Kelly, James G.
Geary, Laurence M.
Froggatt, Peter
McGeachie, James
Canadian Bulletin of Medical History/Bulletin Canadienne d'Histoire de la Medecine
Centaurus: International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
Central European History
British Journal for the History of Science
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
International Specialized Book Services
University of New Mexico Press
Franz Steiner Verlag
Oxford University Press
University of Toronto Press
Public health
Disease and diseases
Medicine and politics
Medicine and government
Public policy
Globalization; internationalization
Wilde, Robert Willis
Jamot, Eugene
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, early
20th century
18th century
17th century
United States
Great Britain
New Brunswick (Canada)
Velha Goa (India)
Royal Belfast Academical Institution
Catholic University of Ireland (Dublin)
American Red Cross

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