Article ID: CBB001024589

Zwei außergewöhnliche Globen im Oberösterreichischen Landesmuseum (2009/2010)

unapi

Along with numerous attractive old globes, the Upper Austrian State Museum is displaying a 'globe sundial' and a so-called 'horological globe', two simple exhi- bits which are nevertheless extremely interesting from a scientific viewpoint. Both items were made in the 18th century, possibly by converting older terrestrial globes. In keeping with the educational ideas prevalent in the Age of Enlightenment, they appear to have been used as teaching aids in a higher school. The sphere of the sundial was converted into a 'spherical' dial and a horizontal system of coordinates centred on Prague was added to its original equator system. The half meridian circle also had to act as a gnomon. A mechanical clock movement is built into the interior of the 'horological globe'; this makes parts of the globe move, thus facilitating the illustration of more compli- cated methods of determining geographical latitude and longitude.

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Description On 18th-century globes from Prague.


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Authors & Contributors
Willmoth, Frances
Siems, Peter L.
Brezinka, Wolfgang
Taub, Liba Chaia
Keller, Alex
Dewhirst, David W.
Journals
Der Globusfreund: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift für Globen- und Instrumentenkunde
Nei Menggu Shifan Daxue Xuebao (Ziran Kexue Ban)
History of Science
Rittenhouse: Journal of the American Scientific Instrument Enterprise
Cartographica Helvetica
Tarikh-e Elm (The Iranian Journal for the History of Science)
Publishers
Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Cambridge University Press
Akademie-Verlag
Brepols Publishers
Concepts
Scientific apparatus and instruments
Instruments, astronomical
Globes, celestial
Globes
Sundials
Astronomy
People
Peithner, Johann Thaddäus Anton
Mayer, Johann Tobias
Bertuch, Friedrich Justin
Kerner von Marilaun, Fritz
Coronelli, Marco Vincenzo
Time Periods
18th century
19th century
17th century
20th century
16th century
Qing dynasty (China, 1644-1912)
Places
Prague (Czechia)
Austria
Germany
Bohemia
China
Europe
Institutions
Universität Graz
Universität Innsbruck
Whipple Museum of the History of Science (Cambridge, Eng.)
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