Article ID: CBB001024146

Kuhn Vs. Popper on Criticism and Dogmatism in Science: A Resolution at the Group Level (2011)

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Popper repeatedly emphasised the significance of a critical attitude, and a related critical method, for scientists. Kuhn, however, thought that unquestioning adherence to the theories of the day is proper; at least for `normal scientists'. In short, the former thought that dominant theories should be attacked, whereas the latter thought that they should be developed and defended (for the vast majority of the time). Both seem to have missed a trick, however, due to their apparent insistence that each individual scientist should fulfil similar functions (at any given point in time). The trick is to consider science at the group level; and doing so shows how puzzle solving and `offensive' critical activity can simultaneously have a legitimate place in science. This analysis shifts the focus of the debate. The crucial question becomes `How should the balance between functions be struck?'

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Authors & Contributors
Díez, José A.
Franco, Paul L.
Frederick, Danny
Fuller, Steven
Gattei, Stefano
Gordin, Michael D.
Journals
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences
Journal for General Philosophy of Science
Perspectives on Science
Science and Education
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Publishers
Cambridge University Press
Ashgate
Icon Books
Kluwer Academic
Kungliga Tekniska Hogskolan (Sweden)
Altrimedia Edizioni
Concepts
Philosophy of science
History of philosophy of science
Social construction; constructivism
Theories of knowledge
Philosophers of science, modern
Philosophy
People
Popper, Karl Raimund
Kuhn, Thomas S.
Feyerabend, Paul K.
Bachelard, Gaston
Bühler, Karl
Canguilhem, Georges
Time Periods
20th century
19th century
20th century, early
20th century, late
Places
United States
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