Article ID: CBB001022396

August Weismann Embraces the Protozoa (2010)

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This paper examines the contents and institutional context of August Weismann's long essay on Amphimixis (1891). Therein he presented detailed discussions of his on-going studies of reduction division and parthenogenesis, but more to the point, he included an elaborate examination of Émile Maupas's two major publications in protozoology. To understand the relevance of this part to the other two, the author briefly reviews highpoints in earlier nineteenth century protozoology and concludes that only in the mid-1870s and 1880s did protozoa add an important dimension to heredity theory. Otto Bütschli and then Maupas provided Weismann with a deeper understanding of how conjugation and fertilization were related but not identical processes. This allowed him to integrate the two into a fuller understanding of evolution by natural selection.

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Authors & Contributors
Waizbort, Ricardo
Martins, Lilian Al-Chueyer Pereira
Brzezinski Prestes, María Elice de
Stefano, Waldir
Hall, Brian K.
Martins, Lilian A.-C. Pereira
Journals
Journal of the History of Biology
Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part B, Molecular and Developmental Evolution
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
Filosofia e História da Biologia
Journal for General Philosophy of Science
Science and Education
Publishers
Hill & Wang
Thoemmes
Fundo Mackenzie de Pesquisa
University of California, Davis
Princeton University
Indiana University
Concepts
Heredity
Evolution
Genetics
Biology
Natural selection
Darwinism
People
Weismann, August
Vries, Hugo Marie de
Mendel, Gregor Johann
Darwin, Charles Robert
Galton, Francis
Jennings, Herbert Spencer
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, early
20th century
21st century
18th century
Places
Great Britain
Europe
United States
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