Article ID: CBB001021490

Die bayerische Irrenreform von 1851---Ein Instrument der administrativen Modernisierung unter König Max II. von Bayern (2008)


By 1850 the reformation of institutional psychiatric care in Bavaria was given the highest priority by monarchy and administration. Cooperating with experts, especially the psychiatrist Karl August von Solbrig, they provided for new asylums to be established throughout Bavaria in a surprisingly short period of time. It was, however, only at personal intervention of King Max II. that the administrative and financial difficulties which had existed since the beginning of the 19th century could be overcome. The planning of asylums done by each administrative district of Bavaria vividly reflects rivalry as well as cooperation between all governmental and professional agencies involved. Modernization of psychiatry was publicly justified by referring to scientism, the need for a more progressive restructuring of administration, and the paternalistic care of the monarchy, whereas, from an administrative point of view, aspects of psychiatric treatment, like what kind of asylum would be best, were rather insignificant. The structures established by means of the alliance between state administration and psychiatric care under the rule of King Max II. had a lasting effect on the further development of Bavaria.


Description On the reformation of institutional psychiatric care in Bavaria and the alliance between state administration and psychiatric care.

Citation URI

Similar Citations

Book Melling, Joseph; Forsythe, Bill; (2006)
The Politics of Madness: The State, Insanity and Society in England, 1845--1914 (/isis/citation/CBB000774000/)

Article McCarthy, Angela; (2012)
Connections and Divergences: Lunatic Asylums in New Zealand and the Homelands before 1910 (/isis/citation/CBB001200710/)

Book Dale, Pamela; Melling, Joseph; (2006)
Mental Illness and Learning Disability since 1850: Finding a Place for Mental Disorder in the United Kingdom (/isis/citation/CBB000774001/)

Thesis Leahy, Todd E.; (2004)
The Canton Asylum: Indians, Psychiatrists, and Government Policy, 1899--1934 (/isis/citation/CBB001560741/)

Article Thomas Müller; Bernd Reichelt; (2019)
The ‘Poitrot Report’, 1945: the first public document on Nazi euthanasia (/isis/citation/CBB341702782/)

Article Maria Marta Lobo de Araújo; (2014)
O tratamento dos doentes insanos de Vila Viçosa no hospital de Rilhafoles (segunda metade do século XIX) (/isis/citation/CBB534729638/)

Article Bures, Idelette de; (2006)
À propos de la loi sur les aliénés du 30 juin 1838 (/isis/citation/CBB000931813/)

Thesis Burt, Susan Margaret; (2003)
“Fit Objects for an Asylum”: The Hampshire County Lunatic Asylum and Its Patients, 1852--1899 (/isis/citation/CBB001562141/)

Article Bazar, Jennifer L.; (2015)
The Utica Crib: Biography of an Unknown Barbarous Object (/isis/citation/CBB001551579/)

Thesis Marinski, Deborah R.; (2006)
Unfortunate Minds: Mental Insanity in Ohio, 1883--1909 (/isis/citation/CBB001561679/)

Article Reaume, Geoffrey; (1997)
Accounts of abuse of patients at the Toronto Hospital for the Insane, 1883-1937 (/isis/citation/CBB000079758/)

Book Smith, Leonard; (2007)
Lunatic Hospitals in Georgian England, 1750--1830 (/isis/citation/CBB000773994/)

Authors & Contributors
Melling, Joseph
Reaume, Geoffrey
Roth, Angela
Cherry, Steven
Smith, Leonard D.
Forsythe, Bill
History of Psychology
Health and History
History of Psychiatry
Canadian Bulletin of Medical History/Bulletin Canadienne d'Histoire de la Medecine
Science in Context
Histoire des Sciences Médicales
Verlag Psychiatrie und Geschichte
Boydell Press
Oklahoma State University
University of Toledo
University of Southampton (United Kingdom)
Psychiatric hospitals
Medicine and government
Mental disorders and diseases
Public health
Roux, Émile
Behring, Emil von
Theunissen, W. F.
Specht, Gustav Nikolaus
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, early
20th century
18th century
Great Britain
United States
Toronto (Ontario)

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment