Article ID: CBB000953584

Entrepreneurial Science: The Rules of the Game (2009)


Scholars across a range of academic fields continue to rely on Robert K. Merton's scientific norms to frame analyses of the privatization of research in the life sciences. I revisit constructivist criticisms of the Mertonian approach and then develop an empirically grounded interpretation of academic entrepreneurship. Focusing on the case of an early biotech entrepreneur, I investigate how scientists and university administrators managed intellectual property issues and conflicts of interest and commitment during the `biotech revolution' of the late 1970s and early 1980s. This story shows that many contemporary studies --- both supportive and critical of privatization --- misunderstand or misrepresent the ethical dimensions of faculty participation in commerce.


Description On academic entrepreneurship and ethics in science during the biotech revolution.

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Authors & Contributors
Hughes, Sally Smith
Vonortas, Nicholas S.
Caloghirou, Yannis
Ioannides, Stavros
Chandler, Alfred Dupont, Jr.
Jong, Simcha
Science and Public Policy
Isis: International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Industrial and Corporate Change
Social Studies of Science
History and Technology
Notes and Records: The Royal Society Journal of the History of Science
Harvard University Press
University of Pennsylvania Press
University of California Press
Oxford University Press
University of Pittsburgh Press
University of Chicago Press
Science and industry
Biotechnology industry
Research support
Science and ethics
Entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship
Audubon, John James
Baekland, Leo Hendrik
Time Periods
20th century, late
19th century
20th century
21st century
20th century, early
United States
California (U.S.)
Great Britain
Québec (Canada)
United States. Dept. of Agriculture
Royal Society of London

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