Article ID: CBB000933529

Regulations of Supervising Research of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1964 and the Principle of Combining Theory with Practice (2008)


Lou, Caiyun (Author)
Zhang, Li (Author)

Ziran Kexueshi Yanjiu (Studies in the History of Natural Sciences)
Volume: 27
Pages: 265--280

Publication Date: 2008
Edition Details: [Translated title.] In Chinese.
Language: Chinese

Abstract The Chinese Communist Party guides the development of scientific enterprise in China on the principle of Combining Theory with Practice. The relationship between theory and practice is complex. How to comprehend and carry out this principle was one of the key issues for the scientific research of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and its development during the period from the founding of the People's Republic of China to the beginning of the Cultural Revolution in China. Regulations of Supervising Research of CAS (Thirty-six Items for short) in 1964 is the first formal and systematic regulation that tries to work out this issus. Based on archives and oral sources, this paper traces the context of the establishment of Thirty-six Items, and its drawing up, promulgation and being put into effect. It then points out that the essence of Thirty-six Items is the catagorization of science research work, with the purpose of attempting to protect the theoretical research of CAS under changeable political atmosphere emphasizing extremely and simplistically Combining Theory with Practice, which did have specified significance on CAS's history.

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Authors & Contributors
Hu, Hua-kai
Waide, Robert
Hanzhang Ye, John
Ghosh, Arunabh
Zhang, Jiuchun
Xiong, Wei-min
Chinese Journal for the History of Science and Technology
Notes and Records: The Royal Society Journal of the History of Science
Journal of Dialectics of Nature
Southeast Review of Asian Studies
Science in Context
Osiris: A Research Journal Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Springer International Publishing
University of Rochester Press
Franz Steiner Verlag
Science and politics
Science and government
Government sponsored science
Societies; institutions; academies
Science and ideology
Wentsün, Wu
Robinson, Robert
Martin, David Christie
Florey, Howard
Einstein, Albert
Time Periods
20th century, late
20th century
21st century
People's Republic of China
Great Britain
United States
Soviet Union
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Royal Society of London
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

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