Article ID: CBB000933487

The Diffusion and Impact of Western Optical Knowledge in Late Ming and Early Qing: A Study of Sun Yunqiu's Jingshi (2007)

unapi

Sun, Chengsheng (Author)


Ziran Kexueshi Yanjiu (Studies in the History of Natural Sciences)
Volume: 26
Pages: 363--376


Publication Date: 2007
Edition Details: [Translated title.] In Chinese. Part of a special issue
Language: Chinese

Due to the lack of sources, the influence of Western optical knowledge in late Ming and early Qing China has not been fully studied until now. Based on the newly found book Jingshi by Sun Yunqiu and also on other related materials, this paper analyses Sun Yunqiu's life and academic circle in depth, and points out that Jingshi, mostly derived from Johann Adam Schall von Bell's Yuanjing shuo, is the first optical work written by the Chinese. By employing Western optical knowledge, Sun Yunqiu successfully made different kinds of optical instruments with a variety of crystals. His craft played an important role in stimulating the development of lens making. In addition, the description of many kinds of optical instruments in Li Yu's fiction Shier lou, which promoted greatly the distribution of these sophisticated tools,originated entirely from Jingshi. Key words Sun Yunqiu, Jingshi, Yuanjing shuo, eyeglasses, telescope, late Ming and early Qing

...More
Included in

Article Liao, Yuqun (2007) Retrospect and Prospect. Ziran Kexueshi Yanjiu (Studies in the History of Natural Sciences) (p. 265). unapi

Citation URI
http://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB000933487/

Similar Citations

Article Yin, Xiaodong; Yi, De-gang; (2007)
Two Phases of the Introduction of Western Firearms in the Ming and Qing Dynasties (/isis/citation/CBB000760540/) unapi

Article Wang, Guangchao; Wu, Yunhao; Sun, Xiaochun; (2008)
The Impact of the Telescope on Chinese Astronomy during the Late Ming and Early Qing Period (/isis/citation/CBB000933532/) unapi

Article Sun, Chengsheng; (2014)
The Dissemination and Influence of Three Regions Theory in Late Ming and Early Qing China (/isis/citation/CBB911929092/) unapi

Article Dong, Shaoxin; (2007)
Aleni's Xingxue Cushu and the Introduction and Influence of Western Medicine in China (/isis/citation/CBB000933466/) unapi

Article Wu, Dou-qing; (2009)
Xu Guangqi and the Dialogue of Modern Scientific Ideas between China and the West (/isis/citation/CBB000952288/) unapi

Article Pedersen, Kurt Møller; (2008)
Leonhard Euler's Wave Theory of Light (/isis/citation/CBB000930000/) unapi

Article Ma, Lai-ping; (2009)
On Xue Fengzuo's Scientific Thought (/isis/citation/CBB000952319/) unapi

Article Ning, Xiaoyu; (2004)
The Methods of Ascertaining the Direction of Eclipse in the Late-Ming and Early-Qing Dynasties (/isis/citation/CBB000502045/) unapi

Article Shi, Yun-li; (2006)
The anonymous author of the preface to Tianbu Zhenyuan by Smogulenski and Xue Fengzuo (/isis/citation/CBB000701128/) unapi

Article Zhang, Fang; (2015)
Changes in and Influence of the Images in the Bencao Yuanshi (/isis/citation/CBB543046519/) unapi

Article Ma, Lai-ping; (2011)
Some Issues on Evaluation of Matteo Ricci (/isis/citation/CBB001250705/) unapi

Article Sun, Chengsheng; (2011)
The Transmission of Crystalline Spheres Theory to Late Ming China and Its Influence (/isis/citation/CBB001210026/) unapi

Article Zhang, Haichao; Zhang, Xuanmeng; (2015)
The Preliminary Identification of Blue-Dye Plants in Ancient China (/isis/citation/CBB224011202/) unapi

Article Wang, Guangchao; (2009)
Controversy over the Theory of Precession in Late Ming and Early Qing China (/isis/citation/CBB000933553/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Wang, Guangchao
Ma, Lai-ping
Sun, Chengsheng
Shi, Ruogu
Chen, Zhihui
Ning, Xiaoyu
Journals
Ziran Kexueshi Yanjiu (Studies in the History of Natural Sciences)
Studies in Dialectics of Nature
Nei Menggu Shifan Daxue Xuebao (Ziran Kexue Ban)
Guangxi Minzu Xueyuan Xuebao
Lishi yuyan yanjiuso jikan (Bulletin of the Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica)
Perspectives on Science
Concepts
East Asia, civilization and culture
Cross-cultural interaction; cultural influence
Transmission of ideas
Diffusion of innovation; diffusion of knowledge; diffusion of technology
Western world, civilization and culture
Astronomy
People
Vagnoni, Alfonso
Xue, Fengzuo
Ricci, Matteo
Li Hongzhang (1823-1901)
Shao Zeng (1832-1877)
Fang, Yizhi
Places
China
Europe
Times
Ming dynasty (China, 1368-1644)
Qing dynasty (China, 1644-1912)
17th century
18th century
16th century
Medieval
Institutions
Jesuits (Society of Jesus)
Comments

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment