Article ID: CBB000933487

The Diffusion and Impact of Western Optical Knowledge in Late Ming and Early Qing: A Study of Sun Yunqiu's Jingshi (2007)


Sun, Chengsheng (Author)

Ziran Kexueshi Yanjiu (Studies in the History of Natural Sciences)
Volume: 26
Pages: 363--376

Publication Date: 2007
Edition Details: [Translated title.] In Chinese. Part of a special issue
Language: Chinese

Due to the lack of sources, the influence of Western optical knowledge in late Ming and early Qing China has not been fully studied until now. Based on the newly found book Jingshi by Sun Yunqiu and also on other related materials, this paper analyses Sun Yunqiu's life and academic circle in depth, and points out that Jingshi, mostly derived from Johann Adam Schall von Bell's Yuanjing shuo, is the first optical work written by the Chinese. By employing Western optical knowledge, Sun Yunqiu successfully made different kinds of optical instruments with a variety of crystals. His craft played an important role in stimulating the development of lens making. In addition, the description of many kinds of optical instruments in Li Yu's fiction Shier lou, which promoted greatly the distribution of these sophisticated tools,originated entirely from Jingshi. Key words Sun Yunqiu, Jingshi, Yuanjing shuo, eyeglasses, telescope, late Ming and early Qing

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Article Liao, Yuqun (2007) Retrospect and Prospect. Ziran Kexueshi Yanjiu (Studies in the History of Natural Sciences) (p. 265). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Wang, Guangchao
Ma, Lai-ping
Sun, Chengsheng
Shi, Ruogu
Chen, Zhihui
Ning, Xiaoyu
Ziran Kexueshi Yanjiu (Studies in the History of Natural Sciences)
Studies in Dialectics of Nature
Nei Menggu Shifan Daxue Xuebao (Ziran Kexue Ban)
Guangxi Minzu Xueyuan Xuebao
Lishi yuyan yanjiuso jikan (Bulletin of the Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica)
Perspectives on Science
East Asia, civilization and culture
Cross-cultural interaction; cultural influence
Transmission of ideas
Diffusion of innovation; diffusion of knowledge; diffusion of technology
Western world, civilization and culture
Vagnoni, Alfonso
Xue, Fengzuo
Ricci, Matteo
Li Hongzhang (1823-1901)
Shao Zeng (1832-1877)
Fang, Yizhi
Ming dynasty (China, 1368-1644)
Qing dynasty (China, 1644-1912)
17th century
18th century
16th century
Jesuits (Society of Jesus)

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