Article ID: CBB000933415

Histoire de certaines maladies infectieuses: leur éradication est-elle utopique ? (2009)


Infectious microorganisms (parasites, bacteria, viruses) which caused dramatic epidemics in human populations throughout the centuries, as well as their natural reservoirs and possible vectors, have not disappeared... Plague, cholera, malaria, tuberculosis, rickettsioses are still quite present in some areas of the world. Furthermore new infectious diseases caused by emerging pathogens have recently appeared dramatically, such as AIDS. Eradication of the most severe and lethal infectious diseases remains nevertheless an ambitious but not utopian objective, if one considers the spectacular advances made, more or less recently, in the field of specific vaccinations. For instance, smallpox has been eradicated around 1980. Present efforts are mainly concentrated on poliomyelitis, the eradication of which was hoped to take place in year 2005, but which is still present in a few areas. Eradication of measles, with the presently available vaccine, is a reasonable objective. Eradication of malaria appears to be much more difficult since this infection involves a complex parasite and an insect vector, the mosquito. And, as far as AIDS is concerned, intensive research has not yet led to the conception of an effective vaccine.

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Authors & Contributors
Gaudillière, Jean-Paul
Löwy, Illana
Mendelsohn, J. Andrew
Brown, JoAnne
Creager, Angela N. H.
Zylberman, Patrick
Osiris: A Research Journal Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Korean Journal of Medical History
Social History of Medicine
Llull: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Historia de las Ciencias y de las Técnicas
Journal of the History of Biology
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
W. W. Norton & Co.
McGill University (Canada)
McGill University
Cambridge University Press
Infectious diseases
Public health
Prevention and control of disease
Time Periods
20th century
20th century, late
21st century
19th century
20th century, early
United States
New England (U.S.)
Valencia (Spain)
World Health Organization (WHO)

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