Article ID: CBB000932787

Paul Ehrlich's Colonial Connections: Scientific Networks and Sleeping Sickness Drug Therapy Research, 1900--1914 (2009)


Between 1900 and 1914, a major sleeping sickness epidemic arose in many parts of Africa. Despite the competitive nature of European science in this period, the German immunologist Paul Ehrlich developed a collaborative transnational network of researchers and clinicians who worked together to carry out drug therapy trials on sleeping sickness patients in numerous African colonies. This kind of collaboration was possible when researchers shared complementary goals, and collectively this network played a significant role in shaping part of the European response to controlling an epidemic disease in Africa. Together with demonstrating how and why Ehrlich and his partners cooperated across nations and borders in their search for a drug that would cure the disease, this essay also explores what effect the drug trials had on African patients in Entebbe, British Uganda, and in Brazzaville, the capital of French Equatorial Africa.

Citation URI

Similar Citations

Article Bentley, Ronald; (2007)
Leslie A (Epstein) Falk (1915--2004) and Penicillin Production at Oxford (/isis/citation/CBB000831634/)

Article Hüntelmann, Axel C.; (2010)
Seriality and Standardization in the Production of “606” (/isis/citation/CBB001023534/)

Book Buckingham, John; (2008)
Bitter Nemesis: The Intimate History of Strychnine (/isis/citation/CBB001021070/)

Article Travis, Anthony S.; (2008)
Models for Biomedical Research: The Theory and Practice of Paul Ehrlich (/isis/citation/CBB000931567/)

Book Hüntelmann, Axel C.; (2011)
Paul Ehrlich: Leben, Forschung, Ökonomien, Netzwerke (/isis/citation/CBB001220501/)

Book Crozier, Anna; (2007)
Practising Colonial Medicine: The Colonial Medical Service in British East Africa (/isis/citation/CBB000830503/)

Book Guillaume Lachenal; (2017)
The Lomidine Files: The Untold Story of a Medical Disaster in Colonial Africa (/isis/citation/CBB423549861/)

Article Bonah, Christian; (2008)
Packaging BCG: Standardizing an Anti-Tuberculosis Vaccine in Interwar Europe (/isis/citation/CBB000831750/)

Article Benedek, Thomas G.; (2005)
Ehrlich's Theory of Drug Action and Anti-Tuberculous Gold Therapy (/isis/citation/CBB000630337/)

Authors & Contributors
Huentelmann, Axel C.
Lachenal, Guillaume
Rivest, Justin
Weiskopf, Julie M.
Tousignant, Noemi
Webel, Mari K.
History and Technology
Social History of Medicine
Science in Context
Pharmacy in History
Osiris: A Research Journal Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Journal of Medical Biography
University of Pennslyvania
Wallstein Verlag
Stanford University Press
Johns Hopkins University Press
I. B. Tauris
CRC Press
Trypanosomiasis, African
Chemical drugs
Ehrlich, Paul
Falk, Leslie A. (Epstein)
Jamot, Eugene
Florey, Howard
Chain, Ernst Boris
Time Periods
20th century, early
19th century
20th century
18th century
Tanzania (Tanganyika, Zanzibar)
East Africa
South Africa
Oxford University
Medical Research Council (Great Britain)

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment