Article ID: CBB000932722

Aleksandr Lvovich Blok (1852--1909)---Character-Sketch of the Man and Scientist (2009)


Schiller, Joanna (Author)

Kwartalnik Historii Nauki i Techniki
Volume: 54, no. 1
Issue: 1
Pages: 11-33

Publication Date: 2009
Edition Details: [Translated title.] In Polish.
Language: Polish

The article is an attempt of a new outlook first of all upon scientific output of many years' (from 1878 to 1909) lecturer on Russian State Law in the Imperial University of Warsaw - Aleksandr Lvovich Blok. The historians of literature, researchers of life and output of the scientist's son, an eminent poet-symbolist Aleksandr A. Blok, to a high degree were able to reconstruct lot of life and vicissitudes of the Warsaw professor. Thanks to the preserved university archival materials it was possible to add many details to Blok's biography, especially concerning his professional problems. They were connected with dramatic events in his personal life. According to relations of the part of his university co-workers and students, the circumstances even brought about the symptoms of the mental illness. Prematurely elderly he was a man deeply miserable, lonely and deprived of understanding by associates. Up till now his scientific output has not been described precisely enough. Not numerous memories of his contemporaries (Szymon Askenazy, Nikolai Dubrowskii) and even inconspicuous modern Polish researches brought about, in the authoress' opinion, too simplified and schematic character-sketch of Blok as a Russificator and nationalist, mediocre scholar and much worse lecturer. A scientific output of Blok is, indeed, inostensible - he published 2 books only - Master's thesis entitled: 'Wladza panstwowa w spoleczenstwie europejskim. Poglad na polityczna teorie Lorenza Steina i na francuska rzeczywistosc polityczna' (State Authority in European Society. Outlook upon Political Theory of Lorenz Stein and French Political Facts (1880)) and 'Literatura polityczna w Rosji i o Rosji' (Political Literature in Russia and on Russia (1884)) as an introduction to his course in State Law. Two thirds, so over 20 years of work, he gave to the not accomplished conception of creating a new classification of sciences that together with its assumptions was included in work of Blok's disciple - Evgenii Spektorskii. An attempt of objective, free of emotions look at Blok's output to some extent makes us verify one-sidedly its critical estimate. In Blok's writings one can observe several earlier unnoticed values - author's wide mind horizons, his erudition, interesting but not accomplished research conceptions, competence for analysing difficult issues fringing upon social, political and philosophical thought.

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Authors & Contributors
Heyck, Hunter
Domosławski, Zbigniew
Zaborowski, W.
Popowski, H.
Koehler, P.
Brown, Andrew P.
Studia Historiae Scientiarum
Kwartalnik Historii Nauki i Techniki
Cold War History
Archiwum Historii i Filozofii Medycyny
Physics in Perspective
Johns Hopkins University Press
Oxford University Press
Springer International Publishing
Political science
Social sciences
Rotblat, Joseph
Simon, Herbert Alexander
Purkinje, Jan Evangelista
Lutosławski, Wincenty
Rubczyński, Witold
Time Periods
19th century
20th century
20th century, early
21st century
20th century, late
16th century
Warsaw (Poland)
United States
Cracow (Poland)
Great Britain
Uniwersytet Jagielloński (Cracow)
Uniwersytet Lwowski (Lwów, Poland)
American Association for the Advancement of Science
United States. Scientific Laboratory, Los Alamos
Wojskowy Instytut Geograficzny (Polish Military Geographical Institute)
Uniwersytet Warszawski

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