Article ID: CBB000931672

Lysenkoism in Polish Botany (2008)

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Koehler, P. (Author)


Kwartalnik Historii Nauki i Techniki
Volume: 53, no. 2
Issue: 2
Pages: 83-161


Publication Date: 2008
Edition Details: [Translated title.] In Polish.
Language: Polish

Lysenkoism was a marginal phenomenon in Polish botany. There were only 55 botanists who published studies in Lysenkoism. Among them, there were only a few botanists who could boast of significant previous scientific achievements. A majority of the authors were young scientists. There were ca. 140 Lysenkoist botanical publications (out of the total of 3410), i.e. 4.1% of all the botanical publications in Poland in that period. Among the Lysenkoist publications, a significant group was made up of papers popularizing the principles and achievements of Lysenkoism. There were less studies presenting the results of research conducted in Poland on the basis of Lysenko's theory. A great majority of Polish botanists (ca. 96%), dealt with research topics that did not require direct references to Lysenkoism. A number of botanists, who did not want to be exposed to harassment, avoided explicit endorsements of the theory or, whenever possible, used the 'shield' of Soviet science. This consisted in using quotations from the classics of Marxism and Lysenkoism, both in papers delivered at conferences and in written publications. Other botanists (very few in number) took a hostile stand on Lysenkoism. The consequences for a university professor included being deprived of one's chair and being banned from publishing. Due to the censorship activities only isolated studies engaging in polemic with Lysenkoism, or trying to show the fallaciousness of its tenets, appeared in the first half of the 1950s. The content of publications was also affected by editors and editorial boards: as a result of their intervention, authors were forced to include obligatory quotations from the classics of Marxism and Lysenkoism in theirto be completed

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Authors & Contributors
de Jong-Lambert, William
Köhler, Piotr
Hu, Danian
Werskey, Gary
Fuller, Steven
Jacobsen, Anja Skaar
Journals
Journal of the History of Biology
Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences
Science as Culture
Istoriko-Biologicheskie Issledovaniia
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences
Science and Education
Publishers
Columbia University
Polskie Towarzystwo Botaniczne
Concepts
Science and ideology
Science and politics
Marxism
Cold War
Biology
Botany
People
Lysenko, Trofim Denisovich
Einstein, Albert
Young, Robert Maxwell
Bernal, John Desmond
Rosenfeld, Léon
Bohr, Niels Henrik David
Time Periods
20th century
19th century
20th century, early
21st century
Modern
Places
Poland
Soviet Union
France
Russia
China
Germany
Institutions
Genetics Society of America
Polskie Towarzystwo Botaniczne
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