Article ID: CBB000931669

Principle of the Relativity of Motion in Pre-Copernican Science (2008)

unapi

Pabjan, T. (Author)


Kwartalnik Historii Nauki i Techniki
Volume: 53, no. 1
Issue: 1
Pages: 105-121


Publication Date: 2008
Edition Details: [Translated title.] In Polish.
Language: Polish

The relativity of motion is a physical phenomenon, which consists in the fact that the movement of a body that can be seen by an observer depends on the state of motion of the observer himself. According to the principle of relativity of motion, which is discussed in this paper, there are no absolute motions. The only motions that have physical meaning are the relative motions - that are motions observed or described in a given system of reference. It is often said that Copernicus was the first relativist in the history of mankind, because as first used the principle of relativity of motion as the main argument against the movement of the Sun and the whole sky. This paper is willing to show that this thesis is not true. Relativity of motion was commonly known before Copernicus. This article presents a number of ancient as well as medieval authors, who knew the principle of relativity of motion. In their writings one can see how the process of relativization of the notion of motion proceeded within the philosophical and scientific outlook.

...More
Citation URI
https://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB000931669/

Similar Citations

Article Olivier Darrigol; (2020)
Deducing Newton’s second law from relativity principles: A forgotten history (/isis/citation/CBB773667166/)

Thesis Martinez, Alberto Antonio; (2001)
The neglected science of motion: The kinematic origins of relativity (/isis/citation/CBB001562621/)

Article Antonia LoLordo; (2015)
Copernicus, Epicurus, Galileo, and Gassendi (/isis/citation/CBB475586736/)

Book Hetherington, Norriss S.; (2006)
Planetary Motions: A Historical Perspective (/isis/citation/CBB000700848/)

Article Maltese, Giulio; (2000)
On the Relativity of Motion in Leonhard Euler's Science (/isis/citation/CBB000740281/)

Article McLaughlin, Thomas; (2004)
Local Motion and the Principle of Inertia: Aquinas, Newtonian Physics and Relativity (/isis/citation/CBB000641016/)

Article Giannetto, Enrico Antonio; (2001)
La relatività del moto e del tempo in Giordano Bruno (/isis/citation/CBB000502798/)

Article David Marshall Miller; (2017)
The Parallelogram Rule from Pseudo-Aristotle to Newton (/isis/citation/CBB764126498/)

Book Cilicia, Simplicius of; (2000)
On Aristotle's Physics 8.6-10 (/isis/citation/CBB000101625/)

Article Bowin, John; (2010)
Aristotle on the Unity of Change: Five Reductio Arguments in Physics viii 8 (/isis/citation/CBB001211462/)

Article Gregory, Andrew; (2001)
Aristotle, Dynamics and Proportionality (/isis/citation/CBB000773916/)

Article Arsenijević, Miloš; Šćepanović, Sandra; Massey, Gerald J.; (2008)
A New Reconstruction of Zeno's Flying Arrow (/isis/citation/CBB001021129/)

Article Katayama, Errol G.; (2011)
Soul and Elemental Motion in Aristotle's Physics VIII 4 (/isis/citation/CBB001250006/)

Article Schiefsky, Mark; (2009)
Structures of Argument and Concepts of Force in the Aristotelian Mechanical Problems (/isis/citation/CBB000932571/)

Essay Review Schiano, Claudio; (2013)
[Essay review] (/isis/citation/CBB001566542/)

Thesis Sentesy, Mark; (2012)
Aristotle: Movement and the Structure of Being (/isis/citation/CBB001567379/)

Chapter Jaulin, Annick; (2011)
Straton et la question du temps comme nombre du mouvement (/isis/citation/CBB001210240/)

Article Larson, Thomas R.; (2003)
Aristotle's Understanding of Place (/isis/citation/CBB000641076/)

Authors & Contributors
Wians, William
Roochnik, David
Simplicius of Cilicia
McKirahan, Richard D.
Giannetto, Enrico Antonio
McLaughlin, Thomas J.
Journals
Apeiron: Journal for Ancient Philosophy and Science
Archive for History of Exact Sciences
Early Science and Medicine: A Journal for the Study of Science, Technology and Medicine in the Pre-modern Period
Physis: Rivista Internazionale di Storia della Scienza
International Philosophical Quarterly
Thomist: A Speculative Quarterly Review
Publishers
Cornell University Press
Greenwood Press
University of Minnesota
Boston College
Concepts
Physics
Motion (physical)
Relativity
Mechanics
Time
Philosophy
People
Aristotle
Newton, Isaac
Copernicus, Nicolaus
Galilei, Galileo
Bruno, Giordano
Thomas Aquinas, Saint
Time Periods
Ancient
16th century
18th century
3rd century, B.C.
20th century
17th century
Places
Greece
France
Comments

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment