Article ID: CBB000931668

Foundation of Stanislaw Leszczynski Academy in Nancy in 1750 (2008)

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Skwarczynska, M. (Author)


Kwartalnik Historii Nauki i Techniki
Volume: 53, no. 1
Issue: 1
Pages: 7-29


Publication Date: 2008
Edition Details: [Translated title.] In Polish.
Language: Polish

The present critical analysis is to represent origin and organizational structure of Stanislaw Leszczynski Academy in Nancy in the period of its rise. In Polish historiography results of research works over Stanislaw Leszczynski Academy are insignificant There has not been published any treatise on the whole activity of Academy up till now except two not large articles written by Arnold Kirszbraun in 1929 and Cz. Biszynski in 1937, and except several references that appeared in previous biographical studies on Leszczynski. Stanislaw Leszczynski was going to found an academy in Nancy when visiting Lorraine in 1737. However, the political circumstances were not favourable enough, because in chancellor la Galaiziere's opinion, concentration of the independent intellectual circles could impend over the initiated process of integration between Lorraine and France. A king of Poland and a prince of Lorraine and Bar - Stanislaw Leszczynski - on 28 December, 1750 enacted an edict, which established an institution that was to contribute to science and animate development of intellectual life in its various fields. The edict consisted of 10 points and gave detailed regulations on the activity of newly established institution. To sum up, one should add that in the Society was observed a great anxiety for exploring the real, acceptance of the opinions that were propagated by encyclopaedists, trust in the power of intellect, contemptuous distrust of tradition that was said to be closed in belief's principles, and strong conviction of the progress of humanity. Academy of Stanislaw was not only the place of exchange and confrontation of views, but also the centre of critical estimate. Attendance at Academy of king Stanislaw was perceived in Nancy as a crowning achievement in work and good taste of candidate. Academy had not only assembled, but also made vivacious and creative the whole Lorraine elite of the intellectuals in the 18th century.

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Authors & Contributors
Compère, Marie-Madeleine
Crosland, Maurice P.
Turner, Anthony J.
Aicardi, Christine
Salski, W.
Mazauric, Simone
Journals
Revue d'Histoire des Sciences
Notes and Records: The Royal Society Journal of the History of Science
History of Science
Kwartalnik Historii Nauki i Techniki
Enlightenment and Dissent
Eighteenth-Century Studies
Publishers
INRP
Ashgate
College Publications
European Mathematical Society
Springer International
Concepts
Societies; institutions; academies
Scientific communities; interprofessional relations
Science education and teaching
Science and society
Mathematics
Universities and colleges
People
Grandjean de Fouchy, Jean-Paul
Fontenelle, Bernard Le Bovier de
Newton, Isaac
Lagrange, Joseph Louis
Alembert, Jean le Rond d'
Condorcet, Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat, Marquis de
Time Periods
18th century
17th century
19th century
16th century
20th century
Enlightenment
Places
France
Italy
Great Britain
Paris (France)
England
Poland
Institutions
Académie des Sciences, Paris
Académie Royale des Sciences (France)
Royal Society of London
Accademia del Cimento, Florence
Société Philomathique de Paris
Société d'Histoire Naturelle
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