Article ID: CBB000931438

The Ottoman School of Naval Engineering: From “Geometry Room” to Naval Academy (1775--1845) (2007-2008)


Kaçar, Mustafa (Author)

Osmanli Bilimi Arastirmalari: Studies in Ottoman Science
Volume: 9
Pages: 51--77

Publication Date: 2007-2008
Edition Details: [Translated title.] In Turkish.
Language: English

Ottoman interest in Europe which started in early 18th century was part of a modernization process that continued until the end of the Empire in early 20th century. From the second half of the 18th century onwards, Ottomans showed an increasing interest in European science and technology which were essential in the foundation of modern educational institutions in addition to the medreses, the classical Islamic educational and scientific institutions. Following Ottoman defeats against European armies, the need arose to modernize the Ottoman military organization and the traditional art of warfare. The efforts to modernize the military started with the introduction of modern teaching of mathematical sciences in the army. A school of mathematics, namely Hendesehâne (lit. Geometry Room) was established in the imperial shipyards in Istanbul in 29th April 1775 under the leadership of the French officer Baron de Tott. This school was officially named the Imperial School of Naval Engineering (Mühendishâne-i Bahrî-i Hümayun) in 1806. By founding a school of naval engineering, the Ottoman State aimed to teach the navy officers the modern sciences and the new techniques necessary for modernizing the Ottoman navy. The establishment of the school was a cornerstone in the Ottoman educational and scientific life. Athough it carried some influences of the classical Ottoman educational institutions, it differed in regard to its curricula and instruction. Thus, the system employed in the Imperial School of Naval Engineering was a combination of the Ottoman and European systems. Key words: Ottoman naval engineering, Geometry Room, Ottoman State Shipyards, Ottoman Imperial School of Naval Engineering, Navy School, Ottoman modernization, history of science and education in Turkey, Jean-Jacques Sébastian Le Roy, Jacques Balthasar le Brun;

Citation URI

Similar Citations

Book Günergun, Feza; (1998)
Osmanli Bilimi Arastirmalari II (/isis/citation/CBB000110619/)

Book Coad, J. G.; (2011)
Support for the Fleet: British Naval Bases, 1700--1914 (/isis/citation/CBB001422517/)

Chapter İhsanoǧlu, Ekmeleddin; (1998)
Changes in Ottoman Educational Life and Efforts Towards Modernization in the 18th--19th Centuries (/isis/citation/CBB000650902/)

Book Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu; (2019)
The House of Sciences: The First Modern University in the Muslim World (/isis/citation/CBB159129701/)

Book Hobbs, David; (2009)
A Century of Carrier Aviation: The Evolution of Ships and Shipborne Aircraft (/isis/citation/CBB001212156/)

Chapter Yamada, Keiji; (1998)
Modern Science and Technology in 18th and 19th century Japan (/isis/citation/CBB000650895/)

Article Harland, John H.; (2015)
The Evolution of the Windlass in the Nineteenth Century (/isis/citation/CBB001422542/)

Article Kahanov, Yaacov; Stern, Eliezer; Cvikel, Deborah; Me-Bar, Yoav; (2014)
Between Shoal and Wall: The Naval Bombardment of Akko, 1840 (/isis/citation/CBB001422520/)

Article Zorlu, Tuncay; (2005)
The Ottoman Experience with Copper Sheathing of Warships (/isis/citation/CBB000770869/)

Article Ferreiro, Larrie D.; (2014)
The Mutual Influence of Aircraft Aerodynamics and Ship Hydrodynamics in Theory and Experiment (/isis/citation/CBB001321047/)

Book Moulin, Anne Marie; Ulman, Yesim Isil; (2010)
Perilous Modernity: History of Medicine in the Ottoman Empire and the Middle East from the 19th Century Onwards (/isis/citation/CBB001200966/)

Article Tonio Andrade; (2010)
Beyond Guns, Germs, and Steel: European Expansion and Maritime Asia, 1400-1750 (/isis/citation/CBB794360341/)

Book Paine, Lincoln. P.; (2013)
The Sea and Civilization: A Maritime History of the World (/isis/citation/CBB001422669/)

Authors & Contributors
Ihsanoglu, Ekmeleddin
Zorlu, Tuncay
Sebastian Rojek
Williams, Phillip
Me-Bar, Yoav
Stern, Eliezer
Mariner's Mirror
Journal of Early Modern History
Technikgeschichte: Beiträge zur Geschichte der Technik und Industrie
Revue d'Histoire des Mathématiques
Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences
Archive for History of Exact Sciences
The Isis Press
Tauris Academic Studies
Oxford University Press
Naval Institute Press
Istanbul University
Ships and shipbuilding
Engineering, naval
Military technology
Cross-cultural interaction; cultural influence
Bentham, Samuel
Minorsky, Nicolai (1885-1970)
Watt, James
Tertemiz, Serafettin Tevfik
Telford, Thomas
Selim III, Sultan of the Turks
Time Periods
19th century
18th century
20th century, early
20th century
Early modern
Ottoman Empire
Great Britain
Middle and Near East
Great Britain. Royal Navy

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment