Article ID: CBB000931431

Salih Murat Uzdilek and the “Introduction of Logarithms into Turkey” (2007)

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Etker, Şeref (Author)


Osmanli Bilimi Arastirmalari: Studies in Ottoman Science
Volume: 8, no. 2
Issue: 2
Pages: 55-76


Publication Date: 2007
Edition Details: [Translated title.] In Turkish.
Language: Turkish

Salih Murat Uzdilek (1891-1967), Professor of physics at the Istanbul Technical University, graduated as a naval officer in 1908. It was his father Mehmed Sefik Bey, who as a mathematics teacher introduced him to the study of the subject. Salih Murat developed an interest in the history of mathematics through readings of books by F. Cajori and D.E. Smith. Uzdilek studied engineering in London prior to the First World War, where he was invited to present a communication on the ?Introduction of logarithms into Turkey? at the Napier Tercentenary organized by the The Royal Society of Edinburgh, 25-27 July 1914. The paper published in the Napier Tercentenary Memorial Volume (1915) was based on the research of Salih Zeki Bey, historian of science and Rector of the Istanbul University between 1913 and 1917, published in his Kamus-i Riyaziyat (Encyclopaedia of Mathematics1898). His findings indicate that Yirmisekiz Mehmet Çelebi, the Sultan?s envoy to France, had been presented an astronomical texts which included logarithms by the astronomer Jacques Cassini during his visit to the Paris Observatory in 1714. It was this collection that led to the introduction of logarithms into Turkey. Kalfazade Ismail Efendi, a time keeper and mathematician, compiled an introduction to logarithms for his translation of the astronomical tables of J. Cassini in 1772, which is considered the first work on logarithms in Turkish. Gelenbevi Ismail Efendi, renown for his works in mathematics and logic, completed his Logaritma Serhi (Commentary on Logarithms)in 1787. After his return to Istanbul, Salih Murat Uzdilek was invited by the Austrian Dean of the School of Engineering Prof. Philipp Forchheimer, to give physics lessons at the school. Prof. Uzdilek pursued his interest in the history of mathematics and physics throughout his long career. He was also an active researcher in the physics of sound and music, and contributed to the contemporary tonal system of Turkish music. In his later years Prof. Uzdilek was invited to lecture at the 400th anniversary of Galieo Galilei. Key words: Turkey, history of mathematics, logarithms, Salih Murat Uzdilek, Salih Zeki, Jacques Cassini;

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Description On the work of this 20th century historian of mathematics.


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Authors & Contributors
Hermann Schiffer
Garik, Peter
Charles Winrich
Shulamit Kapon
Wagner Tadeu Jardim
Marmottini, Donatella
Journals
Science and Education
Studium: Tijdschrift voor Wetenschaps- en Universiteitgeschiedenis
Ziran Kexueshi Yanjiu (Studies in the History of Natural Sciences)
Revue d'Histoire des Sciences
Revue d'Histoire des Mathématiques
Osmanli Bilimi Arastirmalari: Studies in Ottoman Science
Publishers
Pavia University Press
Springer
Nauka
Concepts
Mathematics
Science education and teaching
Physics
History of science, as a discipline
Historians of science, modern
Teaching; pedagogy
People
Fréchet, Maurice René
Poincaré, Jules Henri
Maxwell, James Clerk
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm von
Galilei, Galileo
Enriques, Federigo
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, early
20th century, late
21st century
20th century
17th century
Places
United States
Europe
Russia
Portugal
Italy
China
Institutions
Istanbul Darülfünunu
Rossiiskaia Akademiia Nauk
Jesuits (Society of Jesus)
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