Article ID: CBB000931187

The Sources of Eucharius Rösslin's “Rosegarden for Pregnant Women and Midwives” (1513) (2009)


Despite the unquestioned historical importance of this work, its textual sources have never been examined in any systematic way. In large part, this seems to have been due to scholars' sense that the text was sui generis, an out of the blue creation that suddenly revived the long-lost obstetrical practices of the ancients. The one source that scholars have always acknowledged for the Rosegarten is the late antique work of Muscio, the Gynaecia (Gynaecology, itself a Latin translation of Soranus's second-century Greek Gynaikeia), from which Rösslin derived the foetus-in-utero figures that are still the most recognizable feature of the work. Yet, as I will show, while it is clear that Rösslin must have consulted at least one independently circulating fragment of Muscio's text that included the foetus-in-utero images, the Rosegarten owes nothing at all to the full text of the Latin Gynaecia.

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Authors & Contributors
Read, Kirk D.
Rösslin, Eucharius
Roeslin, Eucharius
Kruse, Britta-Juliane
Crowther, Kathleen M.
King, Helen
Sudhoffs Archiv: Zeitschrift fuer Wissenschaftsgeschichte
Renaissance Quarterly
Histoire des Sciences Médicales
Renaissance Studies
Early Science and Medicine: A Journal for the Study of Science, Technology and Medicine in the Pre-modern Period
Atti e Memorie, Rivista di Storia della Farmacia
Ashgate Publishing
de Gruyter
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
L'Erma di Bretschneider
Obstetrics and pregnancy
Nurse midwives
Medicine and gender
Roeslin, Eucharius
Boursier, Louise Bourgeois
Savonarola, Giovanni Michele
Fernel, Jean François
Ficino, Marsilio
Zurich (Switzerland)
16th century
17th century
15th century
18th century

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