Article ID: CBB000931178

Clinical Trials and the Reorganization of Medical Research in Post--Second World War Britain (2008)


Valier, Helen (Author)
Timmermann, Carsten (Author)

Medical History
Volume: 52
Pages: 493--510

Publication Date: 2008
Edition Details: Part of a special issue: “The Era of Biomedicine: Science, Medicine, and Public Health in Britain and France after the Second World War”
Language: English

The rise of biomedicine is usually associated with the transformation of biological and medical research in the United States following the vast expansion of funding, both private and public, in the years after the Second World War.1 Along with the other authors in this issue, we are interested in describing this phenomenon in national contexts other than the United States. Our discussion of biomedicine in Britain draws upon many of the same themes as our fellow authors and the existing literature on the US---the new role of the state as scientific entrepreneur; the relationship between experimental medicine and clinical services; and the growing institutionalization of associations between laboratory and clinic---to emphasize the clinical trial as a privileged form of therapeutic evaluation in the post-war years. In particular we are keen to stress that the randomized clinical, or controlled, trial (RCT) in Britain developed within a period of increasing centralization of state policy and planning for health services and medical research.

Included in

Article Quirke, Viviane; Gaudillière, Jean-Paul (2008) The Era of Biomedicine: Science, Medicine, and Public Health in Britain and France after the Second World War. Medical History (p. 441). unapi

Citation URI

Similar Citations

Article Arjun Devanesan; (2020)
Medical nihilism: The limits of a decontextualised critique of medicine (/isis/citation/CBB328328676/) unapi

Article Bresalier, Michael; (2012)
Uses of a Pandemic: Forging the Identities of Influenza and Virus Research in Interwar Britain (/isis/citation/CBB001210694/) unapi

Thesis Levy, Jean Elizabeth; (2007)
Controlling the Course of Scientific Advance: The Case of Human Embryology (/isis/citation/CBB001560939/) unapi

Article Teira, David; (2013)
On the Impartiality of Early British Clinical Trials (/isis/citation/CBB001213347/) unapi

Book Loudon, Irvine; Horder, John; Webster, Charles; (1998)
General Practice under the National Health Service 1948--1997 (/isis/citation/CBB000630997/) unapi

Book Mold, Alex; Berridge, Virginia; (2010)
Voluntary Action and Illegal Drugs: Health and Society in Britain since the 1960s (/isis/citation/CBB001230921/) unapi

Thesis Bothwell, Laura; (2014)
The Emergence of the Randomized Controlled Trial: Origins to 1980 (/isis/citation/CBB001567587/) unapi

Article Jeremy A. Greene; (2017)
Therapeutic Proofs and Medical Truths: The Enduring Legacy of Early Modern Drug Trials (/isis/citation/CBB978757359/) unapi

Article Clay Davis; (December 2020)
Homo adhaerens: Risk and adherence in biomedical HIV prevention research (/isis/citation/CBB559629478/) unapi

Article Achim Rosemann; (2019)
Alter-Standardizing Clinical Trials: The Gold Standard in the Crossfire (/isis/citation/CBB107905760/) unapi

Article Kohli-Laven, Nina; Bourret, Pascale; Keating, Peter; Cambrosio, Alberto; (2011)
Cancer Clinical Trials in the Era of Genomic Signatures: Biomedical Innovation, Clinical Utility, and Regulatory-Scientific Hybrids (/isis/citation/CBB001034675/) unapi

Article Keating, Peter; Cambrosio, Alberto; (2002)
From Screening to Clinical Research: The Cure of Leukemia and the Early Development of the Cooperative Oncology Groups, 1955--1966 (/isis/citation/CBB000201128/) unapi

Book Edwards, Martin; (2007)
Control and the Therapeutic Trial: Rhetoric and Experimentation in Britain, 1918--48 (/isis/citation/CBB000951980/) unapi

Article Hobbins, Peter; Forsyth, Hannah; (2013)
Mobilising Medical Knowledge for the Nation, 1943--49 (/isis/citation/CBB001200697/) unapi

Book Geissler, Wenzel; Molyneux, Catherine; (2011)
Evidence, Ethos and Experiment: The Anthropology and History of Medical Research in Africa (/isis/citation/CBB001221465/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Cambrosio, Alberto
Keating, Peter
Jones, David S.
Loudon, Irvine S. L.
Webster, Charles
Horder, John
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Social Studies of Science
Isis: International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Medical History
Health and History
Clarendon Press
Berghahn Books
Palgrave Macmillan
University of Southampton (United Kingdom)
Columbia University
Clinical trials
Medicine and government
Therapeutic practice; therapy; treatment
Bernard, Jean
Time Periods
20th century, late
21st century
20th century, early
20th century
18th century
Early modern
Great Britain
United States
Paris (France)
Manchester (England)
National Cancer Institute (U.S.)
National Health Service (Great Britain)

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment