Article ID: CBB000931178

Clinical Trials and the Reorganization of Medical Research in Post--Second World War Britain (2008)

unapi

Valier, Helen (Author)
Timmermann, Carsten (Author)


Medical History
Volume: 52
Pages: 493--510


Publication Date: 2008
Edition Details: Part of a special issue: “The Era of Biomedicine: Science, Medicine, and Public Health in Britain and France after the Second World War”
Language: English

The rise of biomedicine is usually associated with the transformation of biological and medical research in the United States following the vast expansion of funding, both private and public, in the years after the Second World War.1 Along with the other authors in this issue, we are interested in describing this phenomenon in national contexts other than the United States. Our discussion of biomedicine in Britain draws upon many of the same themes as our fellow authors and the existing literature on the US---the new role of the state as scientific entrepreneur; the relationship between experimental medicine and clinical services; and the growing institutionalization of associations between laboratory and clinic---to emphasize the clinical trial as a privileged form of therapeutic evaluation in the post-war years. In particular we are keen to stress that the randomized clinical, or controlled, trial (RCT) in Britain developed within a period of increasing centralization of state policy and planning for health services and medical research.

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Article Quirke, Viviane; Gaudillière, Jean-Paul (2008) The Era of Biomedicine: Science, Medicine, and Public Health in Britain and France after the Second World War. Medical History (p. 441). unapi

Citation URI
http://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB000931178/

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Authors & Contributors
Cambrosio, Alberto
Keating, Peter
Jones, David S.
Loudon, Irvine S. L.
Webster, Charles
Horder, John
Journals
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Social Studies of Science
Isis: International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Medical History
Health and History
Publishers
Clarendon Press
Rodopi
Berghahn Books
Palgrave Macmillan
University of Southampton (United Kingdom)
Columbia University
Concepts
Medicine
Clinical trials
Medicine and government
Research
Therapeutic practice; therapy; treatment
Pharmacy
People
Bernard, Jean
Time Periods
20th century, late
21st century
20th century, early
20th century
18th century
Early modern
Places
Great Britain
United States
France
Europe
Paris (France)
Manchester (England)
Institutions
National Cancer Institute (U.S.)
National Health Service (Great Britain)
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