Article ID: CBB000931145

Heredity and Its Entities around 1900 (2008)


Rheinberger, Hans-Jörg (Author)

Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
Volume: 39
Pages: 370--374

Publication Date: 2008
Edition Details: Part of a special issue: “Science and the Changing Senses of Reality circa 1900”.
Language: English

This paper aims to give an impression of how biologists, at the turn of the twentieth century, came to conceptualize and define the hidden entities presumed to govern the process of hereditary transmission. With that, the stage was set for the emergence of genetics as a biological discipline that came to dominate the life sciences of the twentieth century. The annus mirabilis of 1900, with its triple re-appreciation of Gregor Mendel's work by the botanists Hugo de Vries, Carl Correns, and Erich Tschermak, can be seen as the watershed after which theorizing about heredity and experimentation---selecting pure lines and Mendelian crossing---became tightly connected. As to concepts before this, this paper will analyze Carl von Nägeli's `idioplasm', Hugo de Vries's `pangenes', and August Weismann's `germ plasm'. Carl Correns's Anlagen and Wilhelm Johannsen's `genes' would replace them in the decade after 1900.

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Article Sibum, H. Otto (2008) Science and the Changing Senses of Reality circa 1900. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science (p. 295). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Stamhuis, Ida H.
Simunek, Michal
Sheldon, Myrna Perez
Ankeny, Rachel A.
Zevenhuizen, Erik J. A.
Matsubara, Yoko
Journal of the History of Biology
Science and Education
History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Endeavour: Review of the Progress of Science
Annals of Science: The History of Science and Technology
Centre for Sciences and Humanities of the Institute of Contemporary History of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Cambridge University Press
Mendel's law
Collected correspondence
Vries, Hugo Marie de
Weismann, August
Galton, Francis
Mendel, Gregor Johann
Bateson, William
Weldon, Walter Frank Raphael
United States
Great Britain
Moscow (Russia)
20th century, early
19th century
20th century
Cambridge University

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