Article ID: CBB000930627

Wilhelm Ostwald's Energetics 3: Energetic Theory and Applications, Part II (2008)

unapi

This is the third of a series of essays on the development and reception of Wilhelm Ostwald's energetics. The first essay described the chemical origins of Ostwald's interest in the energy concept and his motivations for seeking a comprehensive science of energy. The second essay and the present one discuss his various attempts, beginning in 1891 and extending over almost 3 years, to develop a consistent and coherent energetic theory. A final essay will consider reactions to this work and Ostwald's replies, and will also seek to evaluate his program of research. Ostwald's project---to reconstruct physics and chemistry as a pure energetics---is worth attending to for several reasons: first, because Ostwald did ground-breaking work in chemistry (he was awarded a Nobel Prize in 1909 for his studies in catalysis and rates of reaction); second, because an important school of physical chemistry formed around him at Leipzig, a school that promoted his ideas; and, finally, because he was a prominent and vigorous participant in debates at the end of the nineteenth century concerning the proper course of physical theory. Keywords Wilhelm Ostwald - Energetics - Irreversibility - Energy in chemistr

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Description Continuation of JournalArticle; R. J. Deltete; Wilhelm Ostwald's Energetics 2... (2007) [850324]: Second essay on Ostwald's nearly 3-year effort at Leipzig beginning in 1891 to develop a consistent, coherent energetic theory.


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Article Deltete, R. J. (2007) Wilhelm Ostwald's Energetics 2: Energetic Theory and Applications, Part I. Foundations of Chemistry (p. 265). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Schlote, Karl-Heinz
Beyer, Lothar
Kenichi Natsume
Scholz, Fritz
Tomislav Portada
Jack, Robert Smail
Journals
Science and Education
Bulletin for the History of Chemistry
Physics in Perspective
NTM: Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften, Technik und Medizin
Mitteilungen der Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker, Fachgruppe Geschichte der Chemie
History of Science
Publishers
Leipziger Universitäts-Verlag
Wilhelm-Ostwald-Gesellschaft zu Grossbothen e.V.
Springer
Sächsische Akademie der Wissenschaften
Passage-Verl.
Editorial Universidad Javeriana
Concepts
Chemistry
Physics
Energy (physics)
Conservation of energy (physical concept)
Philosophy
Science and society
People
Ostwald, Friedrich Wilhelm
Ridiger, Anton
Eschenbach, Christian Gotthold (1753-1831)
Neumann, Carl Gottfried
Mayer, Julius Robert von
Tyndall, John
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, early
20th century
Places
Leipzig (Germany)
Germany
St. Petersburg (Russia)
United States
Spain
Russia
Institutions
Universität Leipzig
Society for Psychical Research
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