Article ID: CBB000930038

Die Konstituierung eines Netzwerkes reaktionärer Physiker in der Weimarer Republik (2008)


Wolff, Stefan L. (Author)

Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte
Volume: 31
Pages: 372--393

Publication Date: 2008
Edition Details: Part of a symposium on “Revisiting the Forman Thesis”
Language: German

The Constitution of a Network of Reactionary Physicists during the Republic of Weimar. The dominance of physicists from Berlin in the German Physical Society caused a controversial discussion on the statute initiated by those outside of Berlin in 1914. It could not be finished because of the outbreak of World War I. This antagonism got a political and ideological quality when only the Non-Berliners supported a chauvinistic appeal of German physicists in the so-called Krieg der Geister. After the war this development led to the constitution of a network of reactionary physicists just before the Naturforscherversammlung in Bad Nauheim in 1920. Its members shared a hostile attitude towards the new Republic of Weimar and were mostly chauvinistic and anti-Semitic. Temporarily the network was able to mobilise a considerable part of German physicists for their aims. A decentralisation of the German Physical Society was put through. Considering this network we examine one of the theses of Paul Forman according to which there is a close correlation between political and scientific orientations during that time. We are able to confirm this as far as science policy is concerned. There a bias for a certain kind of research can be found. It becomes more difficult when we investigate the influence of a political attitude on the individual research. We succeed in those cases where the modern theories are involved.

Included in

Article Trischler, Helmuth; Carson, Cathryn; Kojevnikov, Alexei (2008) Beyond Weimar Culture -- Die Bedeutung der Forman-These für eine Wissenschaftsgeschichte in kulturhistorischer Perspektive. Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte (p. 305). unapi

Citation URI

Similar Citations

Book Hoffmann, Dieter; Walker, Mark; (2007)
Physiker zwischen Autonomie und Anpassung. Die Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft im Dritten Reich (/isis/citation/CBB000850441/)

Article Hoffmann, Dieter; (2005)
Between Autonomy and Accommodation: The German Physical Society during the Third Reich (/isis/citation/CBB000641837/)

Book Hoffmann, Dieter; Walker, Mark; (2012)
The German Physical Society in the Third Reich: Physicists between Autonomy and Accomodation (/isis/citation/CBB001221126/)

Book Forman, Paul; Carson, Cathryn; Kozhevnikov, A. B.; Trischler, Helmuth; (2011)
Weimar Culture and Quantum Mechanics: Selected Papers by Paul Forman and Contemporary Perspectives on the Forman Thesis (/isis/citation/CBB001252431/)

Article Staley, Richard; (2008)
The Fin de Siècle Thesis (/isis/citation/CBB000930035/)

Essay Review Seth, Suman; (2013)
Forman at Forty: New Perspectives on “Weimar Culture and Quantum Mechanics” (/isis/citation/CBB001500260/)

Book Fuechtner, Veronika; (2011)
Berlin Psychoanalytic: Psychoanalysis and Culture in Weimar Republic Germany and Beyond (/isis/citation/CBB001212925/)

Article Berez, Thomas M.; Weiss, Sheila Faith; (2004)
The Nazi Symbiosis: Politics and Human Genetics at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute (/isis/citation/CBB000610173/)

Chapter Alessandro Costazza; (2014)
La dialettica dell'illuminismo nel dramma. "Sul caso di J. Robert Oppenheimer" di Heinar Kipphardt (/isis/citation/CBB831255164/)

Chapter Böhme, Helmut; (2000)
Genetik in der Klammer von Politik und Ideologie: Persönliche Erinnerungen (/isis/citation/CBB000500233/)

Article Mineau, André; (2007)
Social Hygiene and the Holocaust (/isis/citation/CBB000760729/)

Book Heim, Suzanne; (2002)
Autarkie und Ostexpansion: Pflanzenzucht und Agrarforschung im Nationalsozialismus (/isis/citation/CBB000410065/)

Chapter Walker, Mark; (2003)
“Nazi Science”? Natural Science in National Socialism (/isis/citation/CBB000774711/)

Book Mees, Bernard; (2008)
The Science of the Swastika (/isis/citation/CBB001035880/)

Authors & Contributors
Hoffmann, Dieter
Walker, Mark
Meskill, David
Heim, Suzanne
Böhme, Helmut
Berez, Thomas M.
Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte
History of Psychology
Endeavour: Review of the Progress of Science
Physics in Perspective
Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy
American Historical Review
Wallstein Verlag
Central European University Press
University of California Press
Cambridge University Press
Imperial College Press
Science and politics
National Socialism
Science and ideology
Science and culture
Societies; institutions; academies
Forman, Paul
Ramsauer, Carl
Heilbron, John
Einstein, Albert
Oppenheimer, J. Robert
Time Periods
20th century, early
20th century
19th century
Weimar Republic (1919-1933)
United States
Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft (DPG)
Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut für Anthropologie, Menschliche Erblehre und Eugenik
Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena
Berliner Psychologisches Institut

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment