Article ID: CBB000930038

Die Konstituierung eines Netzwerkes reaktionärer Physiker in der Weimarer Republik (2008)

unapi

Wolff, Stefan L. (Author)


Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte
Volume: 31
Pages: 372--393


Publication Date: 2008
Edition Details: Part of a symposium on “Revisiting the Forman Thesis”
Language: German

The Constitution of a Network of Reactionary Physicists during the Republic of Weimar. The dominance of physicists from Berlin in the German Physical Society caused a controversial discussion on the statute initiated by those outside of Berlin in 1914. It could not be finished because of the outbreak of World War I. This antagonism got a political and ideological quality when only the Non-Berliners supported a chauvinistic appeal of German physicists in the so-called Krieg der Geister. After the war this development led to the constitution of a network of reactionary physicists just before the Naturforscherversammlung in Bad Nauheim in 1920. Its members shared a hostile attitude towards the new Republic of Weimar and were mostly chauvinistic and anti-Semitic. Temporarily the network was able to mobilise a considerable part of German physicists for their aims. A decentralisation of the German Physical Society was put through. Considering this network we examine one of the theses of Paul Forman according to which there is a close correlation between political and scientific orientations during that time. We are able to confirm this as far as science policy is concerned. There a bias for a certain kind of research can be found. It becomes more difficult when we investigate the influence of a political attitude on the individual research. We succeed in those cases where the modern theories are involved.

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Article Trischler, Helmuth; Carson, Cathryn; Kojevnikov, Alexei (2008) Beyond Weimar Culture -- Die Bedeutung der Forman-These für eine Wissenschaftsgeschichte in kulturhistorischer Perspektive. Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte (p. 305). unapi

Citation URI
https://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB000930038/

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Authors & Contributors
Hoffmann, Dieter
Walker, Mark
Meskill, David
Heim, Suzanne
Böhme, Helmut
Berez, Thomas M.
Journals
Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte
History of Psychology
Endeavour: Review of the Progress of Science
Physics in Perspective
Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy
American Historical Review
Publishers
Wallstein Verlag
Wiley-VCH
Central European University Press
University of California Press
Cambridge University Press
Imperial College Press
Concepts
Science and politics
Physics
National Socialism
Science and ideology
Science and culture
Societies; institutions; academies
People
Forman, Paul
Ramsauer, Carl
Heilbron, John
Einstein, Albert
Oppenheimer, J. Robert
Time Periods
20th century, early
20th century
19th century
Places
Germany
Weimar Republic (1919-1933)
United States
Institutions
Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft (DPG)
Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut für Anthropologie, Menschliche Erblehre und Eugenik
Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena
Berliner Psychologisches Institut
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